Andre Masson

Biography

Andre´ Masson (1896-1987) was a French artist born in Balagny-sur-The´rain, Oise, but was brought up in Belgium. He began his study of art at the age of eleven in Brussels, at the Acade´mie Royale des Beaux-Arts under the guidance of Constant Montald, and later he studied in Paris. He fought for France during World War I and was seriously injured. His early works display an interest in cubism. He later became associated with surrealism, and he was one of the most enthusiastic employers of automatic drawing, making a number of automatic works in pen and ink. Masson experimented with altered states of consciousness with artists such as Antonin Artaud, Michel Leiris, Joan Miro´, Georges Bataille, Jean Dubuffet, and Georges Malkine, who were neighbors of his studio in Paris. From around 1926 he experimented by throwing sand and glue onto canvas and making oil paintings based around the shapes that formed.

By the end of the 1920s, however, he was finding Automatic drawing rather restricting, and he left the surrealist movement and turned instead to a more structured style, making a number of paintings in reaction to the Spanish Civil War (he associated once more with the surrealists at the end of the 1930s). Under the German occupation of France during World War II, his work was condemned by the Nazis as degenerate. With the assistance of Varian Fry in Marseille, Masson escaped the Nazi regime on a ship to the French island of Martinique from where he went on to the United States. Living in New Preston, Connecticut his work became an important influence on American abstract expressionists, such as Jackson Pollock. Following the war, he returned to France and settled in Aix-en- Provence where he painted a number of landscapes.Masson drew the cover of the first issue of Georges Bataille's review, Ace´phale, in 1936, and participated in all its issues until 1939.

Inquire about this piece