Zhang was born in Shandong, China. He graduated from Wu Zuo Ren Art Secondary School in Beijing in 2001, and from the Central Academy of Fine Art in Beijing in 2005. He has a background in painting but has increasingly embraced photography. His work centres on images of young girls in deceptively innocent settings. All of the young girls in Zhang Peng's artworks are delicate and helpless. Their big, sad eyes are filled with tears and seem to appeal to the viewer. His intentions are to create a visual contradiction that represents the current problems in China due to the ever-growing modernization.