Back

ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG (1925-2008)

 
ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in. ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works) - acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum - 72 x 144 x 19 in.
Shuttle Buttle/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works)199072 x 144 x 19 in.(184.79 x 367.67 x 44.45 cm) acrylic, fire wax, enamel, object on mirrored aluminum
Provenance
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London
Private Collection, Houston
Exhibition
1991 "Rauschenberg Overseas Cultural Interchange" National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
2004 "Robert Rauschenberg, 2K + ROCI" Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London
Literature
Brooks, Rosetta et al. "Rauschenberg Overseas Cultural Interchange" Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1991
Inquire

“Painting relates to both art and life. Neither can be made.” – Robert Rauschenberg

History

With a career spanning six decades, Robert Rauschenberg changed art in America and the world. He revolutionized art in the 20th century through his assemblages incorporating found objects and pop culture. The layering of objects and meaning questioned the very idea of art and its boundaries. From painting to sculpture, Rauschenberg’s work occupied a space between Pop and Conceptual art.

This work was exhibited in the final Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange (ROCI) exhibition at the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC in 1991. The artist believed in the power of art for social change which led to this self-funded series of exhibitions. Rauschenberg traveled to “sensitive” countries, often where artistic expression had been suppressed, to create dialogues through the creative process. From 1984 to 1991, he traveled to Mexico, Chile, Venezuela, China, Tibet, Japan, Cuba, the USSR, Germany, Malaysia, and finally the USA. While idealistic in its scope to bring the world together, the project was similar to the US promotion of Abstract Expressionism during the Cold War by spreading American culture and values through art.

More
  • Rauschenberg_History1
    Installation view, Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange (ROCI) USA, National Gallery of Art Washington D.C., 1991
  • Rauschenberg_History2
    Robert Rauschenberg, “Pegasits/ROCI USA (Wax Fire Works)”, acrylic, fire wax, chair on stainless steel, 72 ¾ x 96 ¾ x 17 ½ in., 1991, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
  • Rauschenberg_History3
    Robert Rauschenberg announcing ROCI at the UN Headquarters in New York with UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, 1984
  • Rauschenberg_History4
    Robert Rauschenberg, Park/ROCI Mexico, Acrylic, pencil, and crocheted doiles on canvas, 115 ½ x 52 3/8 in., 1985, Minneapolis Institute of Art
“There is no reason not to consider the world as one gigantic painting.” – Robert Rauschenberg

Top Results at Auction

“Buffalo II” (1964), oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, 96 x 72 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 15 May 2019 for $88,805,000 USD
“Buffalo II” (1964), oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, 96 x 72 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 15 May 2019 for $88,805,000 USD
“Overdrive” (1963), oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, 84 x 60 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 14 May 2008 for $14,601,000 USD
“Overdrive” (1963), oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, 84 x 60 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 14 May 2008 for $14,601,000 USD
“Rigger” (1961), oil, metal, rope, wood, fabric, plastic buttons, paper, graphite and sand on canvas, 102 x 60 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 18 May 2017 for $12,275,000 USD
“Rigger” (1961), oil, metal, rope, wood, fabric, plastic buttons, paper, graphite and sand on canvas, 102 x 60 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 18 May 2017 for $12,275,000 USD
“Studio Painting” (1961), combine painting: oil, charcoal, printed paper and fabric collage on canvas with metal, twine, sewn and stuffed fabric, in two parts, 75 ½ x 73 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 11 May 2010 for $11,058,500 USD
“Studio Painting” (1961), combine painting: oil, charcoal, printed paper and fabric collage on canvas with metal, twine, sewn and stuffed fabric, in two parts, 75 ½ x 73 inches. Sold at Christie’s New York: 11 May 2010 for $11,058,500 USD

Comparable Artworks Sold at Auction

“Parliament (Borealis)” (1991), Mixed media on metal, 97 x 121 inches. Sold at Sotheby’s Paris: 26 May 2008 for $2,874,500 USD
“Parliament (Borealis)” (1991), Mixed media on metal, 97 x 121 inches. Sold at Sotheby’s Paris: 26 May 2008 for $2,874,500 USD
  • Monumental Rauschenberg from the same period
  • Comparable size
  • Our piece from 1990 has a clearer subject and brighter colors
“Primo Calle/Roci Venezuela” (1985), Acrylic and collage on canvas, 81 x 212 ½ inches. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: 14 November 2007 for $2,617,000 USD
“Primo Calle/Roci Venezuela” (1985), Acrylic and collage on canvas, 81 x 212 ½ inches. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: 14 November 2007 for $2,617,000 USD
  • Comparable horizontal format
  • Vibrant painting with a great subject, slightly larger than our piece
  • Sold for over $2.6 million in 2007, and Rauschenberg’s market has grown

Paintings in Museum Collections

“Nocturnal Splash (Urban Bourbon)” (1988), oil on canvas, 48 ¼ x 120 inches, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
“Nocturnal Splash (Urban Bourbon)” (1988), oil on canvas, 48 ¼ x 120 inches, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
“Albino cactus (scale)” (1977), mixed media, 35 x 174 inches, The National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
“Albino cactus (scale)” (1977), mixed media, 35 x 174 inches, The National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
“Estate” (1963), oil and screen-printed inks on canvas, 8 feet × 69 13/16 inches, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania
“Estate” (1963), oil and screen-printed inks on canvas, 8 feet × 69 13/16 inches, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania
“Barge” (1962-63), oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, 6 feet 8 ¼ inches x 32 feet 2 inches, The Guggenheim Museum, New York
“Barge” (1962-63), oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, 6 feet 8 ¼ inches x 32 feet 2 inches, The Guggenheim Museum, New York

Additional Resources

Learn more about Rauschenberg’s notable 1984-1991 series, “Overseas Culture Interchange” (ROCI) on the Museum of Modern Art’s post, “Art Has No Borders.”
Rauschenberg’s ROCI exhibition traveled worldwide, with only one stop in the U.S. at the National Portrait Gallery. Click to discover the details of the 1991 exhibition, which was attended by over 400,000 people.
Explore “The Rules of Art According to Rauschenberg” an article produced by the Tate Modern in conjunction with their major retrospective exhibition in 2017.
“Rauschenberg: the ¼ Mile” is a monumental 190-panel piece created over a 17-year span. See images of the installation on view at LACMA in 2018-2019.

Inquire

Inquire - Art Single

Similar Works