Claude Monet – Le Château d’Antibes

 

35971.b_detail1

CLAUDE MONET (1840-1926)

Le Château d’Antibes

1888

oil on canvas

31 7/8 x 45 in. (80.9 x 114.3 cm)

Provenance:

(probably) Boussod, Valadon et Cie, Paris, acquired directly from the artist in November 1888
Antoine de La Rochefoucauld, Paris, acquired before 1940
Galerie Brame, Paris, acquired circa 1952
Private Collection, Switzerland
Wildenstein Gallery, New York
Pace Gallery, New York, acquired in 1986
Private Collection, New York
Private Collection, New York, by descent from the above
Pace Gallery, New York
Private Collection, acquired in 2010
Private Collection, United States

More

Claude Monet spent only 5 months in Antibes, and while he was there, he completed 35 paintings. The artist was transfixed by the rippling azure waters and ancient walled city atop a rocky islet, set against a backdrop of rising snow-capped mountains. Le Château d’Antibes is striking for its handling and color, and it is the largest of the series. Picturesque for certain, it also conveys a palpable feeling of the immediacy of a moment spontaneously expressed. The air is crisp, prismatic, translucent; the paint colorful, vibrant, dazzling; and the hand of the artist as accurate as it is poetic — just the sort of painting to inspire generations of Impressionist painters.  

Several key views of the fortress ramparts, including Le Château d’Antibes, are treated as a single motif in a series. These works are among the earliest instances of a serial focus on the transient, momentary effects of light that would become the artist’s hallmark. Monet’s paintings of Antibes are undeniably the antecedent to the iconic stacks of wheat and popular paintings that directly followed.

The catalogue raisonné of Monet paintings, published in 1996, records that 11 of the 35 Antibes paintings are in museum collections. It is likely that now, nearly 25 years after it was published, even more have found their way into permanent museum collections. Comparable paintings from this series are in the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Toledo Museum of Art, Museum Barberini in Potsdam, and many others.

Video

View our video of Claude Monet’s Le Château d’Antibes

“No one is an artist unless he carries his picture in his head before painting it, and is sure of his method and composition.” – Claude Monet

History

In January 1888, Claude Monet made the second of his three trips to the south of France and Italy, this time Antibes, the French coastal city on the Italian border. He had arrived at this decision in part at the urging of a friend, writer and confidant Guy de Maupassant. But Monet, ever eager to expand his horizons and take on new challenges, undoubtedly viewed the tranquil Mediterranean setting as the perfect complement to the raw, dramatic severity of Belle-Ille he experienced earlier that year. There, amongst the cragged rocks and unrelenting violent seas, he had arrived at a palette dominated by dark or bright blues, deep purple-violets, brilliant blue-greens heightened by orange and white highlights. Visceral and visually stimulating, the palette suggested in part, his response to the agitated setting he characterized as ‘sinister’ and ‘tragic’. That emotional response undoubtedly provided the impetus to seek a more pacific setting, though it also raised the stakes on what he imagined he might risk working in the upper ranges of hues and color.

More
  • Claude_Monet-WEB
    Claude Monet (1840-1926) photo by Nadar, 1887
  • 1888 Antibes - View of the Salis Gardens-WEB
    “Antibes – View of the Salis Gardens” (1888), oil on canvas, 36.2 x 28.7 in., Private Collection
  • 1888 At Cap d'Antibes, Mistral Wind-WEB
    “At Cap d’Antibes, Mistral Wind” (1888), oil on canvas, 25.9 x 31.8 in., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

MARKET INSIGHTS

  • Claude MONET -antibe-AMR
  • The record price for a Claude Monet painting at auction was set in 2019 when Meules (1891) sold for over $110M USD. That haystack painting is a breathtaking example from one of Monet’s most beloved series. Le Château d’Antibesrepresents an important moment of Monet’s development in revisiting the same subject at different times to capture changing light and atmospheric conditions.  
  • The graph prepared by Art Market Research shows that since 1976, paintings by Monet have increased at an 8.4% annual rate of return.
  • Le Château d’Antibes is the largest and best painting from the Antibes series. This monumental size was primarily reserved for paintings we now covet most: Venetian scenes, Parliament, poplar trees, and Monet’s garden.

Top Results at Auction

"Meules" (1890), oil on canvas, 28 5/8 x 36 ¾ in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: May 2019 for $110,747,000
“Meules” (1890), oil on canvas, 28 5/8 x 36 ¾ in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: May 2019 for $110,747,000
"Nymphéas en fleur" (c. 1914-1917), oil on canvas, 63 x 70 7/8 in. Sold at Christie’s New York: May 2018 for $84,687,500
“Nymphéas en fleur” (c. 1914-1917), oil on canvas, 63 x 70 7/8 in. Sold at Christie’s New York: May 2018 for $84,687,500
"Meule" (1891), oil on canvas, 28 5/8 x 36 ¼ in. Sold at Christie’s New York: November 2016 for $81,447,500
“Meule” (1891), oil on canvas, 28 5/8 x 36 ¼ in. Sold at Christie’s New York: November 2016 for $81,447,500
"Nymphéas" (1905), oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 39 ½ in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: May 2015 for $54,010,000
“Nymphéas” (1905), oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 39 ½ in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: May 2015 for $54,010,000

Comparable Paintings Sold at Auction

"Matinée sur la Seine" (1896), oil on canvas, 35 1/8 x 36 3/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: May 2018 for $20,550,000
“Matinée sur la Seine” (1896), oil on canvas, 35 1/8 x 36 3/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: May 2018 for $20,550,000
  • Like Le Château d’Antibes, this view of the Seine was part of a series
  • This painting is very dark, not everyone’s taste
  • Comparable size, though 11% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
"Matinée sur la Seine" (1897), oil on canvas, 35 1/8 x 26 3/8 in. Sold at Christie’s New York: November 2017 for $23,375,000
“Matinée sur la Seine” (1897), oil on canvas, 35 1/8 x 26 3/8 in. Sold at Christie’s New York: November 2017 for $23,375,000
  • Like Le Château d’Antibes, this view of the Seine was part of a series
  • Comparable size, though 11% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
  • Based on the compound annual growth rate of 8.4%, this painting could be valued at over $29M today
"Les Peupliers" (1891), oil on canvas, 45 ¾ x 28 ½ in. Sold at Christie’s New York: May 2011 for $22,482,500
“Les Peupliers” (1891), oil on canvas, 45 ¾ x 28 ½ in. Sold at Christie’s New York: May 2011 for $22,482,500
  • This painting is unsigned, and Le Château d’Antibes is signed in the lower right
  • 9% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
"Le Parlement, soleil couchant" (1900-1901), oil on canvas, 32 x 36 5/8 in. Sold at Christie’s New York: 11 May 2015 for $40,485,000
“Le Parlement, soleil couchant” (1900-1901), oil on canvas, 32 x 36 5/8 in. Sold at Christie’s New York: 11 May 2015 for $40,485,000
  • Like Le Château d’Antibes, Monet revisited the Parliament subject several times
  • Stunning painting from a widely celebrated series
  • 18% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
"Le Palais Ducal" (1908), oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 36 5/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s London: February 2019 for $36,488,205
“Le Palais Ducal” (1908), oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 36 5/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s London: February 2019 for $36,488,205
  • Gorgeous work with beautiful picture, tones, and reflection
  • Signed in the lower right, like Le Château d’Antibes
  • 18% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
"Antibes vue de la salis" (1888), oil on canvas, 25 ¾ x 35 7/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s London: February 2015 for $13,270,307
“Antibes vue de la salis” (1888), oil on canvas, 25 ¾ x 35 7/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s London: February 2015 for $13,270,307
  • Based on the compound annual growth rate of 8.4%, this painting could be valued at $19.8M today.
  • From the same Antibes series, though 35% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
  • Not as well-executed or highly finished as Le Château d’Antibes
"Antibes, vue du Plateau Notre-Dame" (1888), oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 36 3/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s London: 23 June 2014 for $13,457,931
“Antibes, vue du Plateau Notre-Dame” (1888), oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 36 3/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s London: 23 June 2014 for $13,457,931
  • From the same Antibes series, though 35% smaller than Le Château d’Antibes
  • Nice colors, but less desirable composition and less finished than Le Château d’Antibes
"Antibes, le fort" (1888), oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 32 1/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: November 2011 for $9,266,500
“Antibes, le fort” (1888), oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 32 1/8 in. Sold at Sotheby’s New York: November 2011 for $9,266,500
  • Based on the compound annual growth rate of 8.4%, this painting could be valued at over $19M today.
  • Comparable view from the same series, though not as highly finished or large scale
  • Half the size of Le Château d’Antibes

Related Works in Museums

"Antibes (Afternoon Effect)" (1888), oil on canvas, 26 x 32 ½ in., Museum of Fine Arts Boston
“Antibes (Afternoon Effect)” (1888), oil on canvas, 26 x 32 ½ in., Museum of Fine Arts Boston
"Antibes Seen from La Salis" (1888), oil on canvas, 28 7/8 x 36 ¼ in.,Toledo Museum of Art
“Antibes Seen from La Salis” (1888), oil on canvas, 28 7/8 x 36 ¼ in.,Toledo Museum of Art
"Morning at Antibes" (1888), oil on canvas, 25 7/8 x 32 5/16 in., Philadelphia Museum of Art
“Morning at Antibes” (1888), oil on canvas, 25 7/8 x 32 5/16 in., Philadelphia Museum of Art
"The Fort of Antibes" (1888), oil on canvas, 25 ½ x 31 ¾ in., Barberini Museum, Potsdam
“The Fort of Antibes” (1888), oil on canvas, 25 ½ x 31 ¾ in., Barberini Museum, Potsdam

Image Gallery

Authentication

The definitive authority on the authenticity of paintings by Van Gogh, the Van Gogh Museum inspected this painting in January 2020 and provided this letter of authenticity. During that inspection, X-ray revealed a second painting under the surface – a portrait of a man.

View full report

KM_C454e-20200128185738

Inquire

Inquire Claude Monet 35971.b