When Gustave Caillebotte was twelve years old, his family purchased an estate on the banks of the river in Yerres, southeast of Paris. It was here that Caillebotte began to paint. This grand estate remained in his family until 1879 and became the setting that would inspire a promising young impressionist painter. Scenes from these grounds fill some of his most celebrated works – leisure activities at the river, the idyllic park, and of course, the gardens. Caillebotte’s paintings from this time are among his best examples of the Impressionist tradition of painting en plein air. One can imagine the artist sitting in his garden or in the sprawling park at the riverside, taking in the bucolic landscape and committing the serenity of a single moment to canvas. He ultimately completed around 80 paintings here. Among those works is this 1877 oil on canvas of the artist’s gardens at Yerres and the valley beyond.
(from left:) Gustave Caillebotte in his greenhouse, 1892; “Vue du Jardin de l’Artiste et de la Vallee de Yerres”, 1877
Garden at Propriété Caillebotte,Yerres
(from left:) “Boating on the Yerres”, 1877, Milwaukee Art Museum; “The Kitchen Garden, Yerres”, 1877, Private Collection
Here, Caillebotte joins the most influential Impressionist painters who sought inspiration from their gardens, most notably his contemporary and friend Claude Monet. Both avid gardeners, Caillebotte and Monet had mutual admiration and support for each other’s work. By the time Caillebotte painted this scene, he had purchased several of his friend’s paintings, becoming a benefactor and advocate for Monet’s success. In a letter to Caillebotte, Monet once wrote, “My dear friend, don’t forget to come Monday as agreed, all my irises will be in bloom.”
Caillebotte’s beloved family estate, now the Propriété Caillebotte Museum, has recently been fully restored to its mid-19th century form. The mansion, park, gardens, and even the artist’s studio, are as Caillebotte would have found them. The grounds host the grand neoclassical-style mansion, an aviary, greenhouse, chapel, the Swiss Chalet – decorated in a style favored by the artist’s father – and the Ferme Ornée, which is now an exhibition space. In 2014, the museum presented an exhibition of 43 masterworks by Caillebotte, including this 1877 painting of the gardens, alongside works from the collections of the National Gallery in Washington, D.C., and the Musée d’Orsay.
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ProvenanceMary Cassatt, Chateau de Beaufresne, Mesnil-Theribus, until 1926
Private Collection, by descent
Sale at Chateau de Monneville 1946
Jean and Francois Ryaux, France
Collection of David Schaff, Washington
Sotheby’s NY November 11, 1987, no. 9 Sale, Sotheby’s NY May 18 1990, no. 317
Private Collection, Canada, 1990
LiteratureP. Wittmer, Caillebotte au jardin. La période d’Yerres (1860-1879), Saint-Rémy-en-l’Eau, Edition d’Art Monelle Hayot, 1990, illustrated pg. 65
M. Berhau...More...t, Gustave Caillebotte, Catalogue Raisonné des peintures et pastels, Paris, 1994, no. 82, illustrated pg. 103
Caillebotte did not only contribute his painting to the Impressionist movement, but also became a crucial benefactor upon receiving a sizable inheritance. He helped to fund exhibitions, purchased works for his own collection, and even paid rent for Claude Monet’s studio.
This canvas from 1877 belonged to the personal collection of American Impressionist Mary Cassatt until her death in 1926. Here, Caillebotte’s delicate paint handling compliments his measured use of color. Naturalistic hues of the artist’s garden and the valley beyond – a bed of cool green and blue that divide the canvas into contrasting swaths of heavy and light tones – underscore the details touched by light.