In der wilden Schönheit von Jackson Hole, Wyoming, mit den Nationalparks als atemberaubende Kulisse gelegen, bringt Heather James Jackson seit über einem Jahrzehnt Kunstwerke und Dienstleistungen von höchstem Niveau in das Intermountain West.

Heather James ist bestrebt, eine unvergleichliche Auswahl an Kunstwerken und Dienstleistungen für Einheimische und Besucher anzubieten, die Jackson Hole zu einem unvergleichlichen Ziel für die amerikanische Kultur und die freie Natur machen.

172 Center Street, Suite 101
Postfach 3580
Jackson Hole, WY 83001
(307) 200-6090

Öffnungszeiten: Montag bis Samstag 10 - 17 Uhr

Ausstellungen

Sound und Spektakel: Harry Bertoia und George Rickey
AKTUELL

Sound und Spektakel: Harry Bertoia und George Rickey

26. Juni - 31. Dezember 2024
Andy Warhol: Alles ist schön
AKTUELL

Andy Warhol: Alles ist schön

17. August 2023 - 31. August 2024
Impressionismus bei Heather James Fine Art
ARCHIV

Impressionismus bei Heather James Fine Art

1. September - 31. Oktober 2022
Claude Monet: Ein Genie des Impressionismus
ARCHIV

Claude Monet: Ein Genie des Impressionismus

18. August - 31. Oktober 2022
Marc Chagall: Die Farbe der Liebe
ARCHIV

Marc Chagall: Die Farbe der Liebe

September 8 - Oktober 12, 2022
Picasso - Drucke und Arbeiten auf Papier
ARCHIV

Picasso - Drucke und Arbeiten auf Papier

1. September - 12. Oktober 2022
Die Gemälde von Sir Winston Churchill
ARCHIV

Die Gemälde von Sir Winston Churchill

1. August - 16. September 2018
Norman Rockwell: Der Künstler bei der Arbeit
ARCHIV

Norman Rockwell: Der Künstler bei der Arbeit

30. Juni - 30. September 2016

KUNSTWERKE ZUR ANSICHT

Am 15. Mai 1886 wurde ein visuelles Manifest für eine neue Kunstbewegung geboren, als Georges Seurats krönendes Werk, Ein Sonntagnachmittag auf der Insel La Grande Jatte, auf der Achten Impressionisten-Ausstellung enthüllt wurde. Seurat kann für sich in Anspruch nehmen, der ursprüngliche "wissenschaftliche Impressionist" zu sein, der in einer Weise arbeitete, die später als Pointillismus oder Divisionismus bekannt wurde. Es war jedoch sein Freund und Vertrauter, der 24-jährige Paul Signac, und ihr ständiger Dialog, der zu einer Zusammenarbeit führte, um die Physik des Lichts und der Farbe zu verstehen und den daraus entstandenen Stil zu entwickeln. Signac war ein ungeschulter, aber äußerst talentierter impressionistischer Maler, dessen Temperament perfekt zu der Strenge und Disziplin passte, die für die mühsame Pinselführung und Farbgebung erforderlich waren. Signac eignete sich die Technik schnell an. Er war auch Zeuge von Seurats mühsamer zweijähriger Reise, auf der er unzählige Schichten unvermischter Farbpunkte auf dem kolossal großen La Grande Jatte aufbaute. Gemeinsam waren Signac, der forsche, extrovertierte Künstler, und Seurat, der verschlossene, introvertierte Künstler, im Begriff, den Impressionismus zu untergraben und den Lauf der modernen Kunst zu verändern.

PAUL SIGNAC

Led by a triumvirate of painters of the American Scene, Thomas Hart Benton, John Steuart Curry, and Grant Wood took on the task of exploring, defining, and celebrating the Midwest as a credible entity within the geographical, political, and mythological landscape of the United States. Their populist works were figurative and narrative-driven, and they gained widespread popularity among a Depression-weary American public. The landscapes Grant Wood painted, and the lithographs marketed by Associated American Artists were comforting reminders of traditional Midwestern values and the simplicity of country life. Yet, Wood's most iconic works, including American Gothic, were to be viewed through the lens of elusive narratives and witty ironies that reflect an artist who delighted in sharing his charming and humorous perspective on farm life. <br><br>In 1930, Wood achieved national fame and recognition with American Gothic, a fictionalized depiction of his sister, Nan, and his family dentist. Frequently regarded as the most famous American painting of the twentieth century, to fully grasp American Gothic's essential nature, one must recognize Wood's profound connection to his Iowan roots, a bond that borders on a singular fixation and the often-brutal confrontation between the moral and cultural rigidity of Midwest isolationism and the standards that prevailed elsewhere in America. This war of values and morality became dominant throughout Wood's oeuvre. Their fascination with American Gothic may have mystified the public, but the story, told in the attitude of a farmer and his wife, is as lean and brittle as the pitchfork he carries. Their attitude, as defiant as it is confrontational, is an unflinching dare to uppity gallery-goers to judge their immaculate well-scrubbed farm. American Gothic became an overnight sensation, an ambiguous national icon often interpreted as a self-effacing parody of midwestern life. Yet it also served as an unflinching mirror to urban elite attitudes and their often-derisive view of heartland values and way of life. In Grant Wood's hands, the people of the Midwest have stiffened and soured, their rectitude implacable.<br> <br>Portrait of Nan is Grant Wood's most intimate work. He may have been motivated to paint it to make amends for the significant scrutiny and harsh treatment his sister received as American Gothic's sternly posed female. Grant poured his heart into it as a sign of sibling love. Intent upon painting her as straightforward and simply as possible so as not to invite unintended interpretations, Wood's deep attachment to the portrait was significant enough for him to think of it as having irreplaceable value. When he moved from Cedar Rapids to Iowa City in 1935, he designed his entire living room around the work. It occupied the place of honor above the fireplace and was the only painting he refused to sell. <br> <br>The lithograph July Fifteenth, issued in 1938, proves his mystical vision of the Iowan heartland is anything but a pitchfork approach. Drawings assumed central importance in Wood's output, and this work is executed in meticulous detail, proving his drawings were at least as complex, if not more so, than his paintings. The surface of the present work takes on an elaborate, decorative rhythm, echoed throughout the land that is soft, verdant, and fertile. Structurally, it alludes in equal measure to the geometry of modern art and the decorative patterning of folk-art traditions. This is a magical place, a fulsome display of an idealized version of an eternal, lovely, and benign heartland. <br><br>The Young Artist, an en plein air sketch, may have been produced during, or slightly after, what Wood called his "palette-knife stage" that consumed him in 1925. Having not yet traveled to Munich where, in 1928, he worked on a stain-glass window commission and came under the influence of the Northern Renaissance painters that sparked his interest in the compositional severity and detailed technique associated with his mature works, here, he worked quickly, and decisively. The view is from a hilltop at Kenwood Park that overlooks the Cedar River Valley near Cedar Rapids, where he built a house for his sister, Nan.

GRANT WOOD

Cottonwood Tree (Near Abiquiu), New Mexico (1943) by celebrated American artist Georgia O’Keeffe is exemplary of the airier, more naturalistic style that the desert inspired in her. O’Keeffe had great affinity for the distinctive beauty of the Southwest, and made her home there among the spindly trees, dramatic vistas, and bleached animal skulls that she so frequently painted. O’Keeffe took up residence at Ghost Ranch, a dude ranch twelve miles outside of the village of Abiquiú in northern New Mexico and painted this cottonwood tree around there. The softer style befitting this subject is a departure from her bold architectural landscapes and jewel-toned flowers.<br><br>The cottonwood tree is abstracted into soft patches of verdant greens through which more delineated branches are seen, spiraling in space against pockets of blue sky. The modeling of the trunk and delicate energy in the leaves carry forward past experimentations with the regional trees of the Northeast that had captivated O’Keeffe years earlier: maples, chestnuts, cedars, and poplars, among others. Two dramatic canvases from 1924, Autumn Trees, The Maple and The Chestnut Grey, are early instances of lyrical and resolute centrality, respectively. As seen in these early tree paintings, O’Keeffe exaggerated the sensibility of her subject with color and form.<br><br>In her 1974 book, O’Keeffe explained: “The meaning of a word— to me— is not as exact as the meaning of a color. Color and shapes make a more definite statement than words.” Her exacting, expressive color intrigued. The Precisionist painter Charles Demuth described how, in O’Keeffe’s work, “each color almost regains the fun it must have felt within itself on forming the first rainbow” (As quoted in C. Eldridge, Georgia O’Keeffe, New York, 1991, p. 33). As well, congruities between forms knit together her oeuvre. Subjects like hills and petals undulate alike, while antlers, trees, and tributaries correspond in their branching morphology.<br><br>The sinewy contours and gradated hues characteristic of O’Keeffe find an incredible range across decades of her tree paintings. In New Mexico, O’Keeffe returned to the cottonwood motif many times, and the seasonality of this desert tree inspired many forms. The vernal thrill of new growth was channeled into spiraling compositions like Spring Tree No.1 (1945). Then, cottonwood trees turned a vivid autumnal yellow provided a breathtaking compliment to the blue backdrop of Mount Pedernal. The ossified curves of Dead Cottonweed Tree (1943) contain dramatic pools of light and dark, providing a foil to the warm, breathing quality of this painting, Cottonwood Tree (Near Abiquiu). The aural quality of this feathered cottonwood compels a feeling guided by O’Keeffe’s use of form of color.

GEORGIA O'KEEFFE

<br>In Diego Rivera’s portrait of Enriqueta Dávila, the artist asserts a Mexicanidad, a quality of Mexican-ness, in the work along with his strong feelings towards the sitter. Moreover, this painting is unique amongst his portraiture in its use of symbolism, giving us a strong if opaque picture of the relationship between artist and sitter.<br><br>Enriqueta, a descendent of the prominent Goldbaum family, was married to the theater entrepreneur, José María Dávila. The two were close friends with Rivera, and the artist initially requested to paint Enriqueta’s portrait. Enriqueta found the request unconventional and relented on the condition that Rivera paints her daughter, Enriqueta “Quetita”. Rivera captures the spirit of the mother through the use of duality in different sections of the painting, from the floorboards to her hands, and even the flowers. Why the split in the horizon of the floorboard? Why the prominent cross while Enriqueta’s family is Jewish? Even her pose is interesting, showcasing a woman in control of her own power, highlighted by her hand on her hip which Rivera referred to as a claw, further complicating our understanding of her stature.<br><br>This use of flowers, along with her “rebozo” or shawl, asserts a Mexican identity. Rivera was adept at including and centering flowers in his works which became a kind of signature device. The flowers show bromeliads and roselles; the former is epiphytic and the latter known as flor de jamaica and often used in hibiscus tea and aguas frescas. There is a tension then between these two flowers, emphasizing the complicated relationship between Enriqueta and Rivera. On the one hand, Rivera demonstrates both his and the sitter’s Mexican identity despite the foreign root of Enriqueta’s family but there may be more pointed meaning revealing Rivera’s feelings to the subject. The flowers, as they often do in still life paintings, may also refer to the fleeting nature of life and beauty. The portrait for her daughter shares some similarities from the use of shawl and flowers, but through simple changes in gestures and type and placement of flowers, Rivera illuminates a stronger personality in Enriqueta and a more dynamic relationship as filtered through his lens.<br><br>A closer examination of even her clothing reveals profound meaning. Instead of a dress more in line for a socialite, Rivera has Enriqueta in a regional dress from Jalisco, emphasizing both of their Mexican identities. On the other hand, her coral jewelry, repeated in the color of her shoes, hints at multiple meanings from foreignness and exoticism to protection and vitality. From Ancient Egypt to Classical Rome to today, coral has been used for jewelry and to have been believed to have properties both real and symbolic. Coral jewelry is seen in Renaissance paintings indicating the vitality and purity of woman or as a protective amulet for infants. It is also used as a reminder, when paired with the infant Jesus, of his future sacrifice. Diego’s use of coral recalls these Renaissance portraits, supported by the plain background of the painting and the ribbon indicating the maker and date similar to Old Master works.<br><br>When combined in the portrait of Enriqueta, we get a layered and tense building of symbolism. Rivera both emphasizes her Mexican identity but also her foreign roots. He symbolizes her beauty and vitality but look closely at half of her face and it is as if Rivera has painted his own features onto hers. The richness of symbolism hints at the complex relationship between artist and sitter.

DIEGO RIVERA

WILLEM DE KOONING - Frau in einem Ruderboot - Öl auf Papier auf Masonit gelegt - 47 1/2 x 36 1/4 in.

WILLEM DE KOONING

Alexander Calder was a key figure in the development of abstract sculpture and is renowned for his groundbreaking work in kinetic art; he is one of the most influential artists of the Twentieth Century. "Prelude to Man-Eater" is a delicately balanced standing sculpture that responds to air currents, creating a constantly changing and dynamic visual experience.<br><br>Calder's Standing Mobiles were a result of his continuous experimentation with materials, form, and balance. This Standing Mobile is a historically significant prelude to a larger work commissioned in 1945 by Alfred Barr, the first director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. "Prelude to Maneater" is designed to be viewed from multiple angles, encouraging viewers to walk around and interact with it.<br><br>The present work is a formal study for Man-Eater With Pennant (1945), part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The work is also represented in "Sketches for Mobiles: Prelude to Man-Eater; Starfish; Octopus", which is in the permanent collection of the Harvard Fogg Museum.<br><br>Calder's mobiles and stabiles can be found in esteemed private collections and the collections of major museums worldwide, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Tate Gallery in London among others.

ALEXANDER KALANDER

<div>Having unwittingly inserted himself into the Pop Art conversation with his Great American Nude series, Tom Wesselmann spent the rest of his career explaining that his motivation was not to focus excessively on a subject matter or to generate social commentary but instead, to give form to what titillated him most as beautiful and exciting. His disembodied Mouth series of 1965 established that an image did not have to rely on extraneous elements to communicate meaning. But it was his follow-up performances with the Smoker series and its seductive, fetish allure that raised his standing among true sybarites everywhere. Apart from perceiving smoking as cool and chic, a painting such as Smoker #21 is the consummate celebration of Wesselmann’s abilities as a painter. Enticed by the undulating smoke, Wesselmann took great pains to accurately depict its sinuous movements and observe the momentary pauses that heightened his appreciation of its sensual nature. Like all of Wesselmann’s prodigious scaled artworks, Smoker #21 has the commanding presence of an altarpiece. It was produced during long hours in his impressive Manhattan studio in Cooper Square, and the result is one of sultry dynamism — evocative, sensual, alluring, sleek, luscious, and perhaps, even sinister — a painting that flaunts his graphic supremacy and potent realism varnished with his patented sex appeal flair.<br><br><br><br>Tom Wesselmann expanded upon the success of his Great American Nudes by focusing on singular features of his subjects and began painting his Mouth series in 1965. In 1967, Wesselmann’s friend Peggy Sarno paused for a cigarette while modeling for Wesselmann’s Mouth series, inspiring his Smoker paintings. The whisps of smoke were challenging to paint and required Wesselmann to utilize photographs as source material to capture the smoke’s ephemeral nature properly. The images here show Wesselmann photographing his friend, the screenwriter Danièle Thompson, as she posed for some of Wesselmann’s source images.</div>

TOM WESSELMANN

Trained as a woodcarver, Emil Nolde was almost 30 years old before he made his first paintings. The early paintings resembled his drawings and woodcuts: grotesque figures with bold lines and strong contrasts. The style was new, and it inspired the nascent movement Die Brücke (The Bridge), whose members invited Nolde to join them in 1906.  But, it was not until the garden became his locus operandi by 1915 that he built upon his mastery of contrasting luminosities to focus on color as the supreme means of expression.  Later, Nolde claimed “color is strength, strength is life,” and he could not have better characterized why his flower paintings reinvigorate our perception of color.<br><br>Much of the strength of Nolde’s dramatic, Wagnerian-like color sensibilities is the effect of staging primary colors, such as the deep reds and golden yellows of Sonnenblumen, Abend II, against a somber palette. The contrast highlights and deepens the luminosity of the flowers, not just visually, but emotionally as well. In 1937, when Nolde’s art was rejected, confiscated, and defiled, his paintings were paraded as “degenerate art” throughout Nazi Germany in dimly lit galleries. Despite that treatment, Nolde’s status as a degenerate artist gave his art more breathing space because he seized the opportunity to produce more than 1,300 watercolors, which he called “unpainted pictures.” No novice in handling watercolor, his free-flowing style of painting had been a hallmark of his highly-charge, transparent washes since 1918. Sonnenblumen, Abend II, painted in 1944, is a rare wartime oil. He let his imagination run wild with this work, and his utilization of wet-on-wet techniques heightened the drama of each petal.<br><br>Nolde’s intense preoccupation with color and flowers, particularly sunflowers, reflects his continuing devotion to van Gogh.  He was aware of van Gogh as early as 1899 and, during the 1920s and early 1930s, visited several exhibitions of the Dutch artist’s work.  They shared a profound love of nature. Nolde’s dedication to expression and the symbolic use of color found fullness in the sunflower subject, and it became a personal symbol for him, as it did for Van Gogh.

EMIL NOLDE

<div>In the mid-1920s, Rufino Tamayo embarked on the crucial development phase as a sophisticated, contemporary colorist. In New York, he encountered the groundbreaking works of Picasso, Braque, and Giorgio de Chirico, along with the enduring impact of Cubism. Exploring painterly and plastic values through subjects sourced from street scenes, popular culture, and the fabric of daily life, his unique approach to color and form began to take shape. It was a pivotal shift toward cosmopolitan aesthetics, setting him apart from the nationalist fervor championed by the politically charged narratives of the Mexican Muralist movement.  By focusing on the vitality of popular culture, he captured the essential Mexican identity that prioritized universal artistic values over explicit social and political commentary. The approach underscored his commitment to redefining Mexican art on the global stage and highlighted his innovative contributions to the modernist dialogue. </div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div>Like Cézanne, Tamayo elevated the still life genre to some of its most beautifully simple expressions. Yet high sophistication underlies the ease with which Tamayo melds vibrant Mexican motifs with the avant-garde influences of the School of Paris. As "Naturaleza Muerta" of 1935 reveals, Tamayo refused to lapse into the mere decoration that often characterizes the contemporary School of Paris art with which his work draws comparisons. Instead, his arrangement of watermelons, bottles, a coffee pot, and sundry items staged within a sobering, earthbound tonality and indeterminant, shallow space recalls Tamayo's early interest in Surrealism. An overlayed square matrix underscores the contrast between the organic subjects of the painting and the abstract, intellectualized structure imposed upon them, deepening the interpretation of the artist's exploration of visual perception and representation. In this way, the grid serves to navigate between the visible world and the underlying structures that inform our understanding of it, inviting viewers to consider the interplay between reality and abstraction, sensation and analysis.</div>

RUFINO TAMAYO TAMAYO

Alexander Calder executed a surprising number of oil paintings during the second half of the 1940s and early 1950s. By this time, the shock of his 1930 visit to Mondrian’s studio, where he was impressed not by the paintings but by the environment, had developed into an artistic language of Calder’s own. So, as Calder was painting The Cross in 1948, he was already on the cusp of international recognition and on his way to winning the XX VI Venice Biennale’s grand prize for sculpture in 1952. Working on his paintings in concert with his sculptural practice, Calder approached both mediums with the same formal language and mastery of shape and color.<br><br>Calder was deeply intrigued by the unseen forces that keep objects in motion. Taking this interest from sculpture to canvas, we see that Calder built a sense of torque within The Cross by shifting its planes and balance. Using these elements, he created implied motion suggesting that the figure is pressing forward or even descending from the skies above. The Cross’s determined momentum is further amplified by details such as the subject’s emphatically outstretched arms, the fist-like curlicue vector on the left, and the silhouetted serpentine figure.<br><br>Calder also adopts a strong thread of poetic abandon throughout The Cross’s surface. It resonates with his good friend Miró’s hieratic and distinctly personal visual language, but it is all Calder in the effective animation of this painting’s various elements. No artist has earned more poetic license than Calder, and throughout his career, the artist remained convivially flexible in his understanding of form and composition. He even welcomed the myriad interpretations of others, writing in 1951, “That others grasp what I have in mind seems unessential, at least as long as they have something else in theirs.”<br><br>Either way, it is important to remember that The Cross was painted shortly after the upheaval of the Second World War and to some appears to be a sobering reflection of the time. Most of all, The Cross proves that Alexander Calder loaded his brush first to work out ideas about form, structure, relationships in space, and most importantly, movement.

ALEXANDER KALANDER

In den frühen 1870er Jahren malte Winslow Homer häufig Szenen des Landlebens in der Nähe eines kleinen Bauerndorfes, das seit Generationen für seine bemerkenswerten Weizenbestände bekannt ist und zwischen dem Hudson River und den Catskills im Bundesstaat New York liegt. Heute ist Hurley weitaus bekannter als Inspiration für eines von Homers größten Werken, Snap the Whip, das im Sommer 1872 entstand. Unter den vielen anderen Gemälden, die von der Region inspiriert wurden, ist Girl Standing in the Wheatfield reich an Gefühlen, aber nicht übermäßig sentimental. Es steht in direktem Zusammenhang mit einer 1866 in Frankreich gemalten Studie mit dem Titel In the Wheatfields und einem weiteren Gemälde, das er im Jahr darauf nach seiner Rückkehr nach Amerika malte. Aber auf dieses Bild wäre Homer zweifellos am stolzesten gewesen. Es ist ein Porträt, eine Kostümstudie, ein Genrebild in der großen Tradition der europäischen Pastoralmalerei und eine dramatisch beleuchtete, stimmungsvolle Tour de Force, durchdrungen vom schnell schwindenden Licht der Abenddämmerung, aufgelockert durch zarte, blumige Noten und einen Hauch von Weizenähren. Im Jahr 1874 schickte Homer vier Gemälde zur Ausstellung der National Academy of Design. Eines trug den Titel "Mädchen". Könnte es sich nicht um dieses Gemälde handeln?

WINSLOW HOMER

Widely recognized as one of the most consequential artists of our time, Gerhard Richters career now rivals that of Picasso's in terms of productivity and genius. The multi-faceted subject matter, ranging from slightly out-of-focus photographic oil paintings to Kelly-esque grid paintings to his "squeegee" works, Richter never settles for repeating the same thought- but is constantly evolving his vision. Richter has been honored by significant retrospective exhibitions, including the pivotal 2002 show,  "Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting," at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.  <br><br>"Abstraktes Bild 758-2" (1992) comes from a purely abstract period in Richter's work- where the message is conveyed using a truly physical painting style, where applied paint layers are distorted with a wooden "Squeegee" tool. Essentially, Richter is sculpting the layers of paint, revealing the underlayers and their unique color combinations; there is a degree of "art by chance". If the painting does not work, Richter will move on- a method pioneered by Jackson Pollock decades earlier.  <br><br>Richter is included in prominent museums and collections worldwide, including the Tate, London, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, among many others.

GERHARD RICHTER

Die Welt von Marc Chagall lässt sich nicht eindämmen oder begrenzen durch die Etiketten, die wir ihr anheften. Es ist eine Welt der Bilder und Bedeutungen, die ihren eigenen, herrlich mystischen Diskurs bilden. Les Mariés sous le baldaquin (Die Braut und der Bräutigam unter dem Baldachin) entstand zu Beginn des 90. Lebensjahres des Künstlers, eines Mannes, der Tragödien und Kämpfe erlebt hatte, der aber nie die Momente der Freude im Leben vergaß. Hier werden uns die träumerischen Freuden einer russischen Dorfhochzeit mit ihren Arrangements aus altgedienten Teilnehmern mit so viel fröhlichem Witz und heiterer Unschuld vor Augen geführt, dass man sich ihrem Charme nicht entziehen kann. Durch die Verwendung einer goldfarbenen Emulsion, die eine Kombination aus Öl und opaker Gouache auf Wasserbasis darstellt, wird die Wärme, das Glück und der Optimismus von Chagalls üblichem Positivismus in einen leuchtenden Glanz gehüllt, der an den Einfluss von religiösen Ikonen mit Blattgold oder an die Malerei der Frührenaissance erinnert, die den Eindruck von göttlichem Licht oder spiritueller Erleuchtung vermitteln wollte. Die Kombination von Öl und Gouache kann eine Herausforderung sein. Aber hier, in Les Mariés sous le baldaquin, setzt Chagall sie ein, um der Szene eine jenseitige Qualität zu verleihen, fast so, als ob sie sich vor seinem geistigen Auge materialisiert hätte. Die zarte Textur erweckt den Eindruck, dass das Licht vom Werk selbst ausgeht, und verleiht den im Himmel schwebenden Figuren eine gespenstische Qualität.

MARC CHAGALL

Still lifes like Oranges and Lemons (C 455) give us an insight to the rich and colorful life of Churchill, just as his landscapes and seascapes do. Churchill painted Oranges and Lemons at La Pausa. Churchill would often frequent La Pausa as the guest of his literary agent, Emery Reves and his wife, Wendy.  Reves purchased the home from Coco Chanel.  While other members of the Churchill family did not share his enthusiasm, Churchill and his daughter Sarah loved the place, which Churchill affectionately called “LaPausaland”.<br><br>To avoid painting outside on a chilly January morning, Wendy Reves arranged the fruit for Churchill to paint. Surrounded by the Reves’s superb collection of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist works, including a number of paintings by Paul Cézanne, Oranges and Lemons illuminates Churchill’s relationships and the influence of Cézanne, who he admired. The painting, like Churchill, has lived a colorful life, exhibited at both the 1959 Royal Academy of Art exhibition of his paintings and the 1965 New York World’s Fair.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

The Pop Art Movement is notable for its rewriting of Art History and the idea of what could be considered a work of art. Larry Rivers association with Pop-Art and the New York School set him aside as one of the great American painters of the Post-War period.  <br><br>In addition to being a visual artist, Larry Rivers was a jazz saxophonist who studied at the Juilliard School of Music from 1945-1946. This painting's subject echoes the artists' interest in Jazz and the musical scene in New York City, particularly Greenwich Village and the Lower East Side.  <br><br>“Untitled” (1958) is notable bas the same owner has held it since the work was acquired directly from the artist several decades ago. This work is from the apex of the artists' career in New York and could comfortably hang in a museum's permanent collection.

STEUERFLÜSSE

PIERRE BONNARD - Soleil Couchant - Öl auf Leinwand - 14 1/2 x 22 1/2 Zoll.

PIERRE BONNARD

JEAN-MICHEL BASQUIAT - Ohne Titel (Anatomie der Taube) - Öl, Graphit und Kreide auf Papier - 22 x 30 Zoll.

JEAN-MICHEL BASQUIAT

AMEDEO MODIGLIANI - Cariatide - blaue Kreide auf chamoisfarbenem Papier - 24 x 18 in.

AMEDEO MODIGLIANI

DAMIEN HIRST - Forgotten Thoughts - Schmetterlinge und Haushaltsglanz auf Leinwand - 48 x 48 in.

DAMIEN HIRST

Thomas Hart Benton, der Landwirte und Feldarbeiter sympathisch darstellte und Themen wie Hingabe und harte Arbeit bevorzugte, schuf Hunderte von Studien, die den Existenzkampf darstellen, der für so viele Amerikaner in dieser Zeit zum brutalen Alltag gehörte. Hoeing Cotton hat viel von der dunklen, stimmungsvollen Blässe, die die Härte der südlichen Landwirtschaft während der Großen Depression heraufbeschwört. Benton nutzt das dynamische Zusammenspiel von Himmel und Landschaft, um das Leben auf dem Land im tiefen Süden zu vertiefen. Diese Elemente verdeutlichen die Verbindung zwischen den Menschen und ihrer Umwelt und den anhaltenden Geist der Widerstandsfähigkeit.

THOMAS HART BENTON

FRANZ KLINE - Ohne Titel, Nr. 7246 - Öl auf Papier auf Karton gelegt - 18 1/8 x 23 1/4 Zoll.

FRANZ KLINE

HANS HOFMANN - Lied der Liebe - Öl auf Leinwand - 36 1/4 x 48 1/4 Zoll

HANS HOFMANN

JOHN CHAMBERLAIN - ASARABACA - Aluminiumfolie in Industriequalität mit Acryllack und Polyesterharz - 20 x 23 x 22 Zoll.

JOHN CHAMBERLAIN

HEDDA STERNE - Ohne Titel - Öl, Pastell, Graphit auf Leinwand - 80 x 26 x 1 1/4 Zoll.

HEDDA STERNE

Bei Munchs experimenteller und hochentwickelter "Puzzletechnik" wurde der Holzschnitt in einzelne Teile zerlegt, eingefärbt und gedruckt, bevor er sie zum endgültigen Bild wieder zusammensetzte. Das Verfahren führte zu einer Vielzahl von Farben, einzigartigen Drucken innerhalb einer Auflage und einer breiten Palette von Emotionen und Stimmungen. Die wellenförmigen Formen von House on the Coast I sind reichhaltig inszeniert und bestehen aus mehreren Farb- und Texturschichten, die jeweils zur Tiefe und räumlichen Komplexität des Bildes beitragen. Das Schnitzen und Aushöhlen von Holzschnitten, die ideal geeignet sind, Edvard Munchs oft brutale Arbeitsweise zum Ausdruck zu bringen, sprengte die Grenzen traditioneller Methoden und verstärkte sein Engagement für die Erforschung emotionaler und psychologischer Tiefe in seiner Kunst.

EDVARD MUNCH

HANS HOFMANN - Ohne Titel - Öl auf Leinwand - 25 x 30 1/4 Zoll.

HANS HOFMANN

EMILY KAME KNGWARREYE - Anooralya Yam Story - synthetische Polymerfarbe auf Leinen - 60 1/4 x 48 in.

EMILY KAME KNGWARREYE

ALFRED SISLEY - Vaches au paturage sur les bords de la Seine - Pastell auf Papier - 11 1/4 x 15 1/2 Zoll.

ALFRED SISLEY

Well known for his candor and pragmatic sensibility, Alexander Calder was as direct, ingenious, and straight to the point in life as he was in his art. “Personnages”, for example, is unabashedly dynamic, a work that recalls his early love of the action of the circus as well as his insights into human nature. The character of “Personnages” suggests a spontaneous drawing-in-space, recalling his radical wire sculptures of the 1920s.<br>© 2023 Calder Foundation, New York / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

ALEXANDER KALANDER

CAMILLE PISSARRO - Paysage avec batteuse a Montfoucault - Pastell auf Papier auf Karton aufgelegt - 10 3/8 x 14 3/4 in.

CAMILLE PISSARRO

Genieve Figgis ist eine bemerkenswerte Figur in der zeitgenössischen irischen Kunstszene. Sie ist bekannt für ihre klugen und kritischen Gruppenporträts, die sich oft über längst vergangene gesellschaftliche Konventionen lustig machen. Als relative Späteinsteigerin in die Malerei erregte sie über Twitter die Aufmerksamkeit des amerikanischen Appropriation-Künstlers Richard Prince, der daraufhin eines ihrer Werke erwarb und sie in die einflussreichen Kreise der New Yorker Kunstszene einführte. Figgis' Werk kritisiert spielerisch die Konsumgewohnheiten der wohlhabenden Mittelschicht und den luxuriösen Lebensstil, wie er von Künstlern der Vergangenheit verewigt wurde, und holt diese Themen mit einer Mischung aus Satire und rohen, authentischen Darstellungen des Lebens in die Gegenwart. Figgis schlägt eine Brücke zu Daumier oder Hogarth, deren Werke häufig einen satirischen Blick auf die zeitgenössische Gesellschaft werfen, und schließt sich Künstlern an, die sich der Gesellschaftssatire verschrieben haben und für ihre scharfe Beobachtungsgabe bekannt sind.

GENIEVE FIGGIS

Roger Brown ist bekannt für seine persönliche und oft fantastische Bildsprache und seine stark stilisierten Gemälde mit Figuren und Objekten, die sein Interesse an alltäglichen Erfahrungen widerspiegeln. Acid Rain erforscht Themen des modernen Lebens und soziale Kommentare, die die Rolle des Künstlers in der Gesellschaft und das Potenzial der Kunst, Veränderungen zu bewirken, widerspiegeln. Auf einer persönlicheren Ebene kann das Thema des sauren Regens zersetzende emotionale oder psychologische Zustände symbolisieren, wie Depression, Angst oder das Gefühl, von Umständen überwältigt zu werden, die sich der eigenen Kontrolle entziehen. So wie der saure Regen ein weitgehend unsichtbares, aber verheerendes Umweltproblem darstellte, motivierte die Krise der aufkommenden HIV/AIDS-Epidemie Brown wahrscheinlich dazu, das Werk zu schaffen, um persönlichen Kummer zu verarbeiten, die unzureichende Reaktion der politischen Führung zu kritisieren und für Mitgefühl, Verständnis und medizinische Forschung einzutreten.

ROGER BROWN

KEITH HARING - Ohne Titel (Figur auf Hund balancierend) - Aluminium - 35 1/2 x 25 x 29 Zoll.

KEITH HARING

Diebenkorns Ocean Park-Serie erinnert an die delikate Balance von Licht und Farbe, die durchdachte Komposition und die subtile Integration von Landschaftselementen, die alle das Küstenambiente seines Ateliers in Santa Monica simulieren. Anfang der 1990er Jahre griff Diebenkorn die Themen und das ästhetische Empfinden der Ocean Park-Serie wieder auf, indem er verschiedene Drucktechniken einsetzte, um seine Erkundung der abstrakten Sprache, die er in seinen Gemälden entwickelt hatte, zu erweitern. "High Green, Version I" ist ein Beispiel für dieses Streben. Es zeigt die kompositorischen Strategien, die Farbpalette und die räumlichen Aspekte, die für die Ocean Park-Serie charakteristisch sind, und demonstriert gleichzeitig die einzigartigen Möglichkeiten der Druckgrafik, diese Elemente neu zu interpretieren.

RICHARD DIEBENKORN

JOAN MIRO - L'Oiseau - Bronze und Ziegelstein - 23 7/8 x 20 x 16 1/8 in.

JOAN MIRO

Andy Warhol ist ein Synonym für die amerikanische Kunst in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts und bekannt für seine ikonischen Porträts und Konsumgüter, in denen er Populärkultur und bildende Kunst vermischte und damit neu definierte, was Kunst sein könnte und wie wir Kunst betrachten. Viele von Warhols Werken stellen zwar keine berühmten Persönlichkeiten dar, aber seine Darstellungen von unbelebten Gegenständen erheben seine Subjekte auf eine Ebene der Berühmtheit. Warhol stellte erstmals zu Beginn seiner Karriere Schuhe dar, als er als Modeillustrator arbeitete, und kehrte in den 1980er Jahren zu diesem Thema zurück, um seine Faszination für Konsum und Glamour zu verbinden. In seinem ständigen Bestreben, Hoch- und Niedrigkultur zu vereinen, wählte Warhol ein Thema, das so allgegenwärtig ist wie Schuhe. Das Motiv kann für Armut oder Reichtum, Funktion oder Mode stehen. Warhol glamourisiert den Haufen Schuhe, indem er sie mit einer Patina aus glitzerndem Diamantenstaub überzieht und so die Bedeutung zwischen utilitaristischer Notwendigkeit und stilisiertem Statement-Piece weiter verwischt.

ANDY WARHOL

© 2023 Calder Foundation, New York / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

ALEXANDER KALANDER

Robert Motherwells "Open"-Serie, die in den späten 1960er Jahren begann, stellt eine bedeutende Richtung in seinem Werk dar, die Offenheit und räumliche Komplexität durch minimalistische Kompositionen betont. Ausgehend vom Fenster als metaphorischem Motiv, das reich an Introspektion und Intimität ist, soll "Open Study in Tobacco Brown" die Beziehung zwischen dem inneren Selbst und der äußeren Welt widerspiegeln. Es zeigt auch das Engagement, die Grenzen der Abstraktion, das Zusammenspiel der Formen und die emotionale Tiefe der Farbe auszuloten. "Open Study in Tobacco Brown" entstand 1971, einem Übergangsjahr, in dem sich der Künstler von seiner Frau Helen Frankenthaler scheiden ließ und die deutsche Fotografin Renate Ponsold kennenlernte, die er im folgenden Jahr heiraten sollte.

ROBERT MOTHERWELL

FREDERICK CARL FRIESEKE - Hügel bei Giverny - Öl auf Leinwand - 25 1/4 x 31 1/4 Zoll.

FREDERICK CARL FRIESEKE

"Wigwam rouge et jaune", ein fesselndes Gouache-Gemälde von Alexander Calder, ist eine lebendige Erkundung von Design und Farbe. Die Komposition wird von einem Gitter aus diagonalen Linien dominiert, die sich in der Nähe ihres Scheitelpunkts kreuzen, und strahlt ein dynamisches Gleichgewicht aus. Calder bringt mit roten und gelben Rautenformen ein Element der Laune ins Spiel, das dem Werk Verspieltheit verleiht und eine festliche Atmosphäre schafft. Rote Kugeln am Scheitelpunkt der rechten Linien erwecken einen skurrilen Eindruck, während kleinere graue Kugeln auf den linken Linien für Kontrast und Gleichgewicht sorgen. Calders meisterhafte Verschmelzung von Einfachheit und lebendigen Designelementen macht Wigwam rouge et jaune zu einem visuellen Vergnügen.

ALEXANDER KALANDER

© 2023 Calder Foundation, New York / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

ALEXANDER KALANDER

Kein Künstler hat die Kluft zwischen der europäischen Moderne und dem amerikanischen Abstrakten Expressionismus so gut überbrückt wie Hans Hofmann. Der Grund dafür ist einfach: Er wurde vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg an Pariser Akademien ausgebildet und war mit Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque sowie Robert und Sonia Delaunay befreundet, was ihm eine Vertrautheit mit der europäischen Moderne verschaffte, die kein anderer Abstrakter Expressionist besaß. Untitled (View of Provincetown Harbor) verbindet Elemente dieser frühen Zeit, die ungezügelte Farbigkeit der Fauves in breit gepinselten Passagen mit dem Versprechen der kommenden automatistischen Malerei der New York School. Es ist sehr gestisch und verbindet die Motive und die Geschwindigkeit des Pinsels von Raoul Dufy mit einer männlicheren, kühneren Projektion, die auf die Wurzeln des Action Painting hinweist.

HANS HOFMANN

LOUIS VALTAT - Vase de coquelicots - Öl auf Leinwand - 23 1/2 x 19 in.

LOUIS VALTAT

<div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Harry Bertoia’s “Sonambient” sculptures are a mesmerizing blend of art, sound, and science, and this 36-tine piece is a quintessential example of his innovative genius. Meticulously crafted with 36 rods aligned in a precise six-by-six configuration on a square base, this 77-inch-tall work embodies the harmonious intersection of visual beauty and auditory wonder.</font></div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Made from beryllium copper, a material favored by Bertoia for its superior acoustic properties and aesthetic appeal, the rods have developed a rich walnut-like patina over time. This patina adds to the sculpture’s visual allure, enhancing its historical and artistic value, and reflects a natural aging process that the artist himself, a naturalist, would have admired. When activated by touch or the movement of air, the rods produce a perceptible, fixed note accompanied by a range of ethereal tones, transforming the sculpture from a static object into a dynamic, multisensory experience. The long, swaying motion of the tall rods, reminiscent of the undulating desert grasses that inspired the artist initially, adds a captivating visual dimension. The cattail-like finials further evoke natural forms, underscoring Bertoia’s inspiration derived from the natural world.</font></div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Bertoia’s 36-tine “Sonambient” sculpture is more than a visual masterpiece; it profoundly explores sound, material, and participatory interaction. It exemplifies Bertoia’s belief in art as an immersive and evolving experience, where each encounter offers discoveries and sensations. Through this work, Bertoia has created a timeless piece that continues to captivate and inspire, highlighting his artistic vision's enduring power and deep connection to nature’s spiritual qualities.</font></div>

HARRY BERTOIA

ANDY WARHOL - Goethe - Siebdruck in Farben - 38 x 38 in.

ANDY WARHOL

Andy Warhol, der für seine Faszination für Ruhm, Berühmtheit und kulturelle Ikonen bekannt ist, ging gelegentlich über seine Zeitgenossen hinaus und bezog historische Persönlichkeiten mit ein. Von besonderem Interesse sind Goethes Farbtheorien, die die Wahrnehmung von Farben und ihre psychologische Wirkung betonen und im Gegensatz zum vorherrschenden, auf der Newtonschen Physik basierenden Verständnis von Farbe als wissenschaftlichem Phänomen stehen. Obwohl es keine direkte Verbindung gibt, dass Goethes Farbtheorie Warhol direkt dazu inspiriert hat, ihn als Sujet auszuwählen, unterstreicht sie thematisch, wie wir Warhols Kunst als Auseinandersetzung mit historischen Traditionen betrachten, um eine Verbindung zwischen ihren jeweiligen Bereichen und Epochen zu symbolisieren. In diesem Sinne ist das Werk eine Hommage und eine zeitübergreifende Zusammenarbeit, die Warhols Bildsprache mit Goethes Bewusstsein für Farbe als starkes, stimulierendes Element der Wahrnehmung verbindet.

ANDY WARHOL

RODOLFO MORALES - Ohne Titel - Öl auf Leinwand - 37 1/4 x 39 1/4 Zoll.

RODOLFO MORALES

ANDY WARHOL - Ford Auto - Graphit auf Papier - 11 1/2 x 15 3/4 Zoll.

ANDY WARHOL

A veteran of the battle of Verdun, Fernand Leger witnessed the horror and staggering loss of over 1 Million of his fellow countrymen during World War I.  This horrific experience of fighting in the trenches of Europe left an indelible mark on the artist.  The modern and mechanized aspects of this new form of warfare, with tanks, modern artillery, and gruesome tactics, inspired Leger to create some of his greatest masterpieces.  <br><br>The Present drawing, executed in 1930, is a relic from the decade following the First World War.  Untitled (1930) was purchased from the Katherine Kuh galley in Chicago- and has been impeccably preserved by the family of the original purchaser.  It is exceedingly rare to find drawings like Untitled outside of Museum collections.

FERNAND LEGER

Irving Norman was born in 1906 in Vilna, then part of the Russian Empire, now Lithuania. Norman's immigration to New York City in 1923 was short-lived, as he would return to Europe to fight as part of the Abraham Lincoln battalion against the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. After the War, Norman would eventually settle in Half Moon Bay, California, where he embarked on a prolific studio practice.  <br><br>Norman's work portrays the horrors of war and his firsthand knowledge of totalitarian dictatorships. Norman's work has been described as "Social Surrealism," and his grand scenes are immediate and arresting. The large-scale works of Norman truly capture the power of his lived experiences; they are as much a visual record as they are a warning for the future, intended to inspire change.

IRVING NORMAN

ALEX KATZ - Peter - Öl auf Masonitplatte - 15 7/8 x 7 1/8 Zoll.

ALEX KATZ

<div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Harry Bertoia was an authentic visionary in art, and they are rare. Of those whose métier is sculpture, Alexander Calder and Harry Bertoia are the twentieth-century American standouts. They are engineers of beauty; their creative currency is feats of invention and pure artistry that honor our experience of them (if we are willing to quiet our mind) as if a sacred event. It was Duchamp who suggested Calder call his kinetic works “mobiles”, but it was up to Bertoia himself to coin a word to describe something for which there was little precedent. Visually precise, kinetic, and offering resonant, vibratory sound, a “Sonambient” sculpture is at once a metaphor for our sentient experience in the world yet capable of inducing an aura of transcendent experience. Given that insight, it is easy to understand Bertoia’s view that “I don’t hold onto terms like music and sculpture anymore. Those old distinctions have lost all their meaning.”</font></div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>The present “Sonambient” sculpture is a forty-eight-inch-tall curtain of thin-gauged tines. Once activated, it becomes a 15 3/4 inch long, 8 inches deep wall of sound. Five rows of narrow tines are staggered in number, alternating between 30 and 29 tines that, when activated, present as an undulating wall of sound. When touched or moved by air currents, the rods produce a sound that, while metallic, does not betray its source of inspiration: the serene connection Bertoia felt in observing the gentle undulating movement of desert grasses. As always, this is a Bertoia sculpture that invites participation in the experience of changing shapes and sounds, a participatory work that asks us to be present in the moment, to connect across time with the object and its creator.</font></div>

HARRY BERTOIA

<div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Art enthusiasts celebrate Harry Bertoia’s “Sonambient” sculptures for their ability to transcend the traditional boundaries of visual art. Rising 56 inches, this sculpture of sixteen tines, topped with cattail-like finials crafted from beryllium copper and aged to a unique patina, suggests a powdery effect reminiscent of cattails in their natural state. This richly mottled patina enhances its visual appeal and historical significance, reflecting the natural aging process that Bertoia, a naturalist, would have deeply admired. The large surface area of the finials allows the patina to express itself differently, adding texture and depth to the sculpture’s appearance. The effect gives the piece an organic quality, further connecting it to the natural world that inspired Bertoia.</font></div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>When activated by touch or the movement of air, the rods produce a continuous sound akin to an old church chime. This haunting, melodic tone transforms the sculpture from a static object into a dynamic auditory experience, evoking the serene and spiritual atmosphere of ancient places of worship. Bertoia always retained an awareness of the irony of using metal to produce the sounds of nature and organic forms. The sound resonates with a timeless quality, drawing listeners into a meditative state and highlighting the spiritual dimensions of Bertoia’s work.</font></div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Bertoia’s 56-inch “Sonambient” sculpture exemplifies his belief in art as an immersive, evolving experience. It invites viewers to engage with it physically and emotionally, discovering new layers of beauty and meaning with each interaction. Through this piece, Bertoia continues to captivate and inspire, celebrating the profound connection between art, nature, and spirituality.</font></div>

HARRY BERTOIA

<div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>George Rickey's "Two Up One Down Staggered" exemplifies his ability to marry minimalist aesthetics with complex mechanical motion. Ninety-seven inches tall and meticulously crafted from stainless steel, the sculpture reflects this synthesis beautifully. It explores the intersection between the precise movements of machinery and the organic, unpredictable motions found in nature. It features two elongated stainless-steel arms (Rickey called 'blades) extending upwards, balanced by a single element pointing downwards; all arranged staggered. This staggered configuration creates a dynamic visual rhythm, emphasizing the interplay between balance and imbalance and enhancing the sculpture's kinetic properties. The title succinctly encapsulates the components' structural arrangement and dynamic interaction, providing insight into Rickey's thoughtful design and his exploration of geometric and kinetic relationships.<br><br><br><br>Stainless steel gives the sculpture a sleek, modern appearance and ensures its durability, allowing it to withstand outdoor conditions. This material choice underscores Rickey's intention for his works to engage directly with natural forces like wind and gravity. The components move gently with the slightest breeze, transforming static metal into a fluid, ever-changing form. A close inspection of Rickey’s solution for its fastening structure offers an appreciation for its precise engineering and a tribute to his attention to detail and craftsmanship. These fastening elements also show an artisanal touch, with visible welds, rivets, and sheet metal 'shaving' that emphasizes the handcrafted nature of the piece. These details reveal the manual labor and meticulous skill involved in the sculpture's creation while adding an element of authenticity and rawness to the artwork.<br><br><br><br>The simplicity of the design belies the complexity of "Two Up One Down Staggered.” Rickey's precision in engineering these delicate movements ensures that each component interacts seamlessly, inviting contemplation and highlighting the beauty of kinetic art. This interplay of balance and motion captures the viewer's attention, transforming the act of observing into an engaging experience, and his work continues to inspire and challenge our perceptions of art, mechanics, and the natural world, making him a pivotal figure in the evolution of kinetic sculpture.</font></div>

GEORGE RICKEY

ARMAND GUILLAUMIN - Roquebrune, Le Matin - Öl auf Leinwand - 25 x 31 1/4 Zoll.

ARMAND GUILLAUMIN

"Ray Gun became a catch title for all sorts of things. Looking down on the street, I would find this angle in the shape of a ray gun everywhere. And I would collect the ray guns. They became quite an obsession."<br>-Claes Oldenburg<br><br>"Two Ray Guns" (1964) was initially sold through the venerable Sidney Janis Gallery. The work draws upon Oldenburg's keen observational sense and fascination with science fiction and popular American culture. The fascination with Ray Guns became a conceptual art practice for Oldenburg; he would not construct them in the traditional sense but instead, find objects that could be reduced into the form. Ray Gun Examples exist in plastic, bronze, plaster, and many different media.  <br><br>Our example from the Ray Gun series has been in the same important American collection for many years. Several examples from this series are in prominent museum collections worldwide, including the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

CLAES OLDENBURG

Andy Warhols Campbell's Soup Cans Serie markiert einen entscheidenden Moment in seiner Karriere und der Pop Art Bewegung. Die Serie, bestehend aus 32 Leinwänden, die jeweils eine andere Geschmacksrichtung zeigen, revolutionierte die Kunstwelt, indem sie alltägliche Konsumgüter in den Status der hohen Kunst erhob. Der Siebdruck Pepper Pot aus dem Jahr 1968 zeigt den für ihn typischen Stil mit leuchtenden, flachen Farben und sich wiederholenden Bildern, die für die Massenproduktion und die Konsumkultur charakteristisch sind. Der Siebdruck, eine kommerzielle Technik, passt zu Warhols Interesse, die Grenzen zwischen hoher Kunst und kommerzieller Kunst zu verwischen und künstlerische Werte und Wahrnehmungen in Frage zu stellen.

ANDY WARHOL

EDGAR ALWIN PAYNE - Venezianische Boote auf Sotto Marino - Öl auf Platte - 23 3/8 x 26 1/4 Zoll.

EDGAR ALWIN PAYNE

<div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>Trace a line from Alexander Calder to the kinetic achievements of George Rickey, and it is clear both are engineers of beauty. Their creations are feats of invention and artistry that honor our experience of them. The present Rickey sculpture "Eight Lines II – Sketch for Twenty-Four Lines" exemplifies the artist's intentions to bridge the gap between engineering precision and artistic expression, offering a mesmerizing display of motion and balance. Measuring 57 inches by 54 inches by 54 inches, the arms of this sculpture move within spherical parameters deliberately yet unpredictably, responding to the slightest movement of air. This intricate dance of elements, driven by natural forces, transforms the sculpture into a dynamic interplay of mechanical precision and organic fluidity.</font></div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>A generation removed from Calder, Rickey came of age during World War II and widespread devastation. Ironically, yet without apology, Rickey honed his skills in precision and complex mechanical systems due to his military experience as a design technician focusing on the maintenance and instruction of aircraft gun turrets. These skills, of course, would later serve him well in fashioning his kinetic sculptures. With that in mind, the precise engineering and organic movement inherent in a Rickey kinetic sculpture symbolizes a bridge between destruction and renewal and serves as a testament to the resilience and innovative spirit of the post-war ethos.</font></div><br><br><div> </div><br><br><div><font face=Calibri size=3 color=black>With its radiating arms extending in multiple directions, "Eight Lines II – Sketch for Twenty-Four Lines" captures the essence of Rickey's meticulous design and engineering prowess. A design full of complexities, each arm, crafted from sleek stainless steel, moves gracefully, reflecting light and creating an ever-changing visual experience. This attention to detail highlights Rickey's skill in making connections that allow fluid movement while maintaining structural integrity.</font></div>

GEORGE RICKEY

<div><font size=3 color=black>Harry Bertoia's “Sonambient” sculptures are renowned for their meditative qualities, inviting viewers into a serene and contemplative state. Among the five “Sonambients” in our exhibition, even this most petite sculpture stands out with its remarkable sonic capabilities. This work, with its 64 tines, each capped with long, slender finials, produces a high-timbered sonority that is surprisingly robust. The delicate yet powerful sound offers an auditory experience that encourages reflection and heightened awareness.</font></div><br><br><div><font size=3> </font></div><br><br><div><font size=3 color=black>A pivotal aspect of the “Sonambient” sculptures' evolution was the involvement of Bertoia's brother, Oreste, whose expertise as a musician enabled him to help Harry reconceptualize these sculptures, not just as visual or kinetic art but as instruments capable of producing an immersive soundscape. This collaboration highlighted the interdisciplinary nature of Bertoia's work, merging the worlds of sculpture and music. Experimenting with rods and tines of different metals, varying in length and thickness, he discovered a wide range of tones and textural droning sounds. Exhilarated by their ethereal, otherworldly resonance and his brother's encouragement, Bertoia filled his historic barn in Bally, Pennsylvania, with more than sixty “Sonambient” sculptures. It became a kind of orchestral studio and laboratory where he recorded albums and held concerts, and the once lowly barn became a hallowed place—a chapel of sorts—where visitors experienced it as a pilgrimage and a place of profound inspiration and meditation.</font></div>

HARRY BERTOIA

Karl Benjamin und seine Kollegen Lorser Feitelson, Frederick Hammersley und John McLaughlin nehmen in der Geschichte der amerikanischen abstrakten Kunst einen besonderen Platz ein. Sie sind bekannt für ihre präzisen, geometrischen Formen und sauberen, die Flächigkeit betonenden Kanten und gehören zu den kalifornischen Hard-Edge-Malern, die in den späten 1950er Jahren aufkamen. Im Gegensatz zu Ellsworth Kelly beispielsweise spiegeln ihre Werke eine Helligkeit, Klarheit und Farbpalette wider, die eher auf die natürliche und gebaute Umgebung Kaliforniens als auf die eher urbanen und industriellen Einflüsse der Ostküste verweisen. Darüber hinaus war die kalifornische Gruppe im Vergleich zur konkurrierenden Kunstszene an der Ostküste eine relativ kleine und eng verbundene Gemeinschaft von Künstlern mit einem Sinn für Zusammenarbeit und gemeinsame Erkundungen, die zu einer zusammenhängenden Bewegung mit einer eigenen Identität beitrugen.

KARL BENJAMIN

MARY ABBOTT - Ohne Titel - Öl und Ölstift auf Papier auf Leinwand aufgezogen - 23 x 29 in.

MARY ABBOTT

ELAINE DE KOONING - Der Matador - Gouache auf Papier - 7 3/4 x 9 1/2 Zoll.

ELAINE DE KOONING

Die oft übersehenen Tusche- und Farbstoffzeichnungen Warhols zeigen seine Fähigkeit, Motive und Elemente mit sparsamem Strich auf das Wesentliche zu reduzieren, und zeichnen sich durch eine wunderbare Verspieltheit aus. Sie erinnern uns oft daran, dass Kunst am besten Humor und Laune vermitteln kann, wenn sie unkompliziert und frei fließend ist. Untitled, Flowers ist ein Vorläufer seines berühmten Vogue-Layouts von 1960, das Zeichnungen von Blumen in fluoreszierenden Farben kombiniert. Es nimmt Warhols frühe Neigung vorweg, Linie und Farbe zu trennen, ein Mittel, das später seinen Siebdrucken ihre abstrakte Unmittelbarkeit verleihen sollte.

ANDY WARHOL

The Arts and Crafts Movement in Great Britain and the corresponding ripples that made their way across the Atlantic Ocean were felt in the work of Jesse Arms Botke (1883-1971).  Botke was born in Chicago, Illinois but found her home in California, where she had a successful career working first in Carmel and later in Southern California. <br><br>Rich textures, extensive use of gold leaf, and highly stylized birds would become synonymous with Botke's mature work as she established herself as one of the West Coast’s leading decorative mural painters of the 20th century.<br><br>"The White Peacock" (1922) shows an idyllic landscape with Botke's signature bird subject matter; the white peacock and cockatoos were among her favorite aviary subjects. Her work today can be found in countless museum collections, including the Art Institute, Chicago.

JESSIE ARMS BOTKE

ROBERTO MATTA - L'epreuve - Öl auf Leinwand - 29 1/2 x 25 1/2 in.

ROBERTO MATTA

Warhols "Electric Chair" ist zweifellos das makaberste von Warhols rund 70 Gemälden und Drucken aus der Serie "Death and Disaster", doch seine leuchtenden Farben bilden einen starken, auflockernden Kontrast zum Thema. Die Ironie besteht darin, dass die Wiederholung und die maschinelle Reinheit der Siebdrucke, die die Campbell's-Suppendosen in den Status der bildenden Kunst erhoben haben, hier einem anderen Zweck dienen. Sie wirken wie Desensibilisierungsmittel, die nach und nach eine emotionale Trennung vom Schrecklichen, Makabren, Tod und Sterblichkeit bewirken. Wie um seine Absichten zu verdeutlichen, reduzierte Warhol den höhlenartigen Raum früherer Iterationen auf eine flache Ebene und gab einen engeren Blick auf den Stuhl selbst frei, dessen Morbidität durch Blöcke in Gelb, Rosa, Blau und Orange gemildert wird.

ANDY WARHOL

LEITENDER VIZEPRÄSIDENT

Andrea-WEB-POST

ANDREA RICO DAHLIN

Leitender Direktor
Jackson Hole, Wyoming

Andrea ist seit über 20 Jahren in der Branche tätig und hat einen BA in Kunstgeschichte mit einem Nebenfach in Bildender Kunst von der Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, und einen MA in Moderner Kunst, Kennerschaft und Geschichte des Kunstmarktes von Christie's Education, New York, NY. Sie bringt ihr Fachwissen aus ihrer Erfahrung in Museen und Auktionshäusern mit, da sie am Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City und bei Christie's in New York gearbeitet hat.

Seit ihrem Eintritt bei Heather James Fine Art im Jahr 2015 hat Andrea Einlieferungen gesichert und beim Aufbau bemerkenswerter Privat- und Museumssammlungen mit wichtigen Künstlern geholfen, zu denen Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Henri Matisse, Edgar Degas, Norman Rockwell, Andrew Wyeth, Elaine de Kooning, Andy Warhol und Tom Wesselmann gehören.

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KENNENLERNEN

FEATURED ART

Am 15. Mai 1886 wurde ein visuelles Manifest für eine neue Kunstbewegung geboren, als Georges Seurats krönendes Werk, Ein Sonntagnachmittag auf der Insel La Grande Jatte, auf der Achten Impressionisten-Ausstellung enthüllt wurde. Seurat kann für sich in Anspruch nehmen, der ursprüngliche "wissenschaftliche Impressionist" zu sein, der in einer Weise arbeitete, die später als Pointillismus oder Divisionismus bekannt wurde. Es war jedoch sein Freund und Vertrauter, der 24-jährige Paul Signac, und ihr ständiger Dialog, der zu einer Zusammenarbeit führte, um die Physik des Lichts und der Farbe zu verstehen und den daraus entstandenen Stil zu entwickeln. Signac war ein ungeschulter, aber äußerst talentierter impressionistischer Maler, dessen Temperament perfekt zu der Strenge und Disziplin passte, die für die mühsame Pinselführung und Farbgebung erforderlich waren. Signac eignete sich die Technik schnell an. Er war auch Zeuge von Seurats mühsamer zweijähriger Reise, auf der er unzählige Schichten unvermischter Farbpunkte auf dem kolossal großen La Grande Jatte aufbaute. Gemeinsam waren Signac, der forsche, extrovertierte Künstler, und Seurat, der verschlossene, introvertierte Künstler, im Begriff, den Impressionismus zu untergraben und den Lauf der modernen Kunst zu verändern.

PAUL SIGNAC

Led by a triumvirate of painters of the American Scene, Thomas Hart Benton, John Steuart Curry, and Grant Wood took on the task of exploring, defining, and celebrating the Midwest as a credible entity within the geographical, political, and mythological landscape of the United States. Their populist works were figurative and narrative-driven, and they gained widespread popularity among a Depression-weary American public. The landscapes Grant Wood painted, and the lithographs marketed by Associated American Artists were comforting reminders of traditional Midwestern values and the simplicity of country life. Yet, Wood's most iconic works, including American Gothic, were to be viewed through the lens of elusive narratives and witty ironies that reflect an artist who delighted in sharing his charming and humorous perspective on farm life. <br><br>In 1930, Wood achieved national fame and recognition with American Gothic, a fictionalized depiction of his sister, Nan, and his family dentist. Frequently regarded as the most famous American painting of the twentieth century, to fully grasp American Gothic's essential nature, one must recognize Wood's profound connection to his Iowan roots, a bond that borders on a singular fixation and the often-brutal confrontation between the moral and cultural rigidity of Midwest isolationism and the standards that prevailed elsewhere in America. This war of values and morality became dominant throughout Wood's oeuvre. Their fascination with American Gothic may have mystified the public, but the story, told in the attitude of a farmer and his wife, is as lean and brittle as the pitchfork he carries. Their attitude, as defiant as it is confrontational, is an unflinching dare to uppity gallery-goers to judge their immaculate well-scrubbed farm. American Gothic became an overnight sensation, an ambiguous national icon often interpreted as a self-effacing parody of midwestern life. Yet it also served as an unflinching mirror to urban elite attitudes and their often-derisive view of heartland values and way of life. In Grant Wood's hands, the people of the Midwest have stiffened and soured, their rectitude implacable.<br> <br>Portrait of Nan is Grant Wood's most intimate work. He may have been motivated to paint it to make amends for the significant scrutiny and harsh treatment his sister received as American Gothic's sternly posed female. Grant poured his heart into it as a sign of sibling love. Intent upon painting her as straightforward and simply as possible so as not to invite unintended interpretations, Wood's deep attachment to the portrait was significant enough for him to think of it as having irreplaceable value. When he moved from Cedar Rapids to Iowa City in 1935, he designed his entire living room around the work. It occupied the place of honor above the fireplace and was the only painting he refused to sell. <br> <br>The lithograph July Fifteenth, issued in 1938, proves his mystical vision of the Iowan heartland is anything but a pitchfork approach. Drawings assumed central importance in Wood's output, and this work is executed in meticulous detail, proving his drawings were at least as complex, if not more so, than his paintings. The surface of the present work takes on an elaborate, decorative rhythm, echoed throughout the land that is soft, verdant, and fertile. Structurally, it alludes in equal measure to the geometry of modern art and the decorative patterning of folk-art traditions. This is a magical place, a fulsome display of an idealized version of an eternal, lovely, and benign heartland. <br><br>The Young Artist, an en plein air sketch, may have been produced during, or slightly after, what Wood called his "palette-knife stage" that consumed him in 1925. Having not yet traveled to Munich where, in 1928, he worked on a stain-glass window commission and came under the influence of the Northern Renaissance painters that sparked his interest in the compositional severity and detailed technique associated with his mature works, here, he worked quickly, and decisively. The view is from a hilltop at Kenwood Park that overlooks the Cedar River Valley near Cedar Rapids, where he built a house for his sister, Nan.

GRANT WOOD

Cottonwood Tree (Near Abiquiu), New Mexico (1943) by celebrated American artist Georgia O’Keeffe is exemplary of the airier, more naturalistic style that the desert inspired in her. O’Keeffe had great affinity for the distinctive beauty of the Southwest, and made her home there among the spindly trees, dramatic vistas, and bleached animal skulls that she so frequently painted. O’Keeffe took up residence at Ghost Ranch, a dude ranch twelve miles outside of the village of Abiquiú in northern New Mexico and painted this cottonwood tree around there. The softer style befitting this subject is a departure from her bold architectural landscapes and jewel-toned flowers.<br><br>The cottonwood tree is abstracted into soft patches of verdant greens through which more delineated branches are seen, spiraling in space against pockets of blue sky. The modeling of the trunk and delicate energy in the leaves carry forward past experimentations with the regional trees of the Northeast that had captivated O’Keeffe years earlier: maples, chestnuts, cedars, and poplars, among others. Two dramatic canvases from 1924, Autumn Trees, The Maple and The Chestnut Grey, are early instances of lyrical and resolute centrality, respectively. As seen in these early tree paintings, O’Keeffe exaggerated the sensibility of her subject with color and form.<br><br>In her 1974 book, O’Keeffe explained: “The meaning of a word— to me— is not as exact as the meaning of a color. Color and shapes make a more definite statement than words.” Her exacting, expressive color intrigued. The Precisionist painter Charles Demuth described how, in O’Keeffe’s work, “each color almost regains the fun it must have felt within itself on forming the first rainbow” (As quoted in C. Eldridge, Georgia O’Keeffe, New York, 1991, p. 33). As well, congruities between forms knit together her oeuvre. Subjects like hills and petals undulate alike, while antlers, trees, and tributaries correspond in their branching morphology.<br><br>The sinewy contours and gradated hues characteristic of O’Keeffe find an incredible range across decades of her tree paintings. In New Mexico, O’Keeffe returned to the cottonwood motif many times, and the seasonality of this desert tree inspired many forms. The vernal thrill of new growth was channeled into spiraling compositions like Spring Tree No.1 (1945). Then, cottonwood trees turned a vivid autumnal yellow provided a breathtaking compliment to the blue backdrop of Mount Pedernal. The ossified curves of Dead Cottonweed Tree (1943) contain dramatic pools of light and dark, providing a foil to the warm, breathing quality of this painting, Cottonwood Tree (Near Abiquiu). The aural quality of this feathered cottonwood compels a feeling guided by O’Keeffe’s use of form of color.

GEORGIA O'KEEFFE

<br>In Diego Rivera’s portrait of Enriqueta Dávila, the artist asserts a Mexicanidad, a quality of Mexican-ness, in the work along with his strong feelings towards the sitter. Moreover, this painting is unique amongst his portraiture in its use of symbolism, giving us a strong if opaque picture of the relationship between artist and sitter.<br><br>Enriqueta, a descendent of the prominent Goldbaum family, was married to the theater entrepreneur, José María Dávila. The two were close friends with Rivera, and the artist initially requested to paint Enriqueta’s portrait. Enriqueta found the request unconventional and relented on the condition that Rivera paints her daughter, Enriqueta “Quetita”. Rivera captures the spirit of the mother through the use of duality in different sections of the painting, from the floorboards to her hands, and even the flowers. Why the split in the horizon of the floorboard? Why the prominent cross while Enriqueta’s family is Jewish? Even her pose is interesting, showcasing a woman in control of her own power, highlighted by her hand on her hip which Rivera referred to as a claw, further complicating our understanding of her stature.<br><br>This use of flowers, along with her “rebozo” or shawl, asserts a Mexican identity. Rivera was adept at including and centering flowers in his works which became a kind of signature device. The flowers show bromeliads and roselles; the former is epiphytic and the latter known as flor de jamaica and often used in hibiscus tea and aguas frescas. There is a tension then between these two flowers, emphasizing the complicated relationship between Enriqueta and Rivera. On the one hand, Rivera demonstrates both his and the sitter’s Mexican identity despite the foreign root of Enriqueta’s family but there may be more pointed meaning revealing Rivera’s feelings to the subject. The flowers, as they often do in still life paintings, may also refer to the fleeting nature of life and beauty. The portrait for her daughter shares some similarities from the use of shawl and flowers, but through simple changes in gestures and type and placement of flowers, Rivera illuminates a stronger personality in Enriqueta and a more dynamic relationship as filtered through his lens.<br><br>A closer examination of even her clothing reveals profound meaning. Instead of a dress more in line for a socialite, Rivera has Enriqueta in a regional dress from Jalisco, emphasizing both of their Mexican identities. On the other hand, her coral jewelry, repeated in the color of her shoes, hints at multiple meanings from foreignness and exoticism to protection and vitality. From Ancient Egypt to Classical Rome to today, coral has been used for jewelry and to have been believed to have properties both real and symbolic. Coral jewelry is seen in Renaissance paintings indicating the vitality and purity of woman or as a protective amulet for infants. It is also used as a reminder, when paired with the infant Jesus, of his future sacrifice. Diego’s use of coral recalls these Renaissance portraits, supported by the plain background of the painting and the ribbon indicating the maker and date similar to Old Master works.<br><br>When combined in the portrait of Enriqueta, we get a layered and tense building of symbolism. Rivera both emphasizes her Mexican identity but also her foreign roots. He symbolizes her beauty and vitality but look closely at half of her face and it is as if Rivera has painted his own features onto hers. The richness of symbolism hints at the complex relationship between artist and sitter.

DIEGO RIVERA

WILLEM DE KOONING - Frau in einem Ruderboot - Öl auf Papier auf Masonit gelegt - 47 1/2 x 36 1/4 in.

WILLEM DE KOONING

Laut dem vom Brandywine River Museum of Art zusammengestellten Werkverzeichnis wurde die Vorzeichnung für Puritan Cod Fishers von N. C. Wyeth vor seinem Tod im Oktober 1945 fertiggestellt. Der Eintrag enthält eine Abbildung der Skizze sowie die Inschriften des Künstlers und den Titel Puritan Cod Fishers, der im Katalog als "alternativ" bezeichnet wird. In jedem Fall handelt es sich bei der großformatigen Leinwand um ein einzigartiges Werk, das, wie Andrew Wyeth sich später erinnerte, ausschließlich von seiner Hand gemalt wurde, eine abgegrenzte Zusammenarbeit von Entwurf und Komposition des Vaters, die von einem bemerkenswerten Sohn in die Tat umgesetzt wurde. Für Andrew Wyeth muss es eine tief empfundene und emotionale Erfahrung gewesen sein. Angesichts der Detailtreue und Authentizität seines Vaters stellen die Linien des kleinen Segelschiffs eine Schaluppe dar, wie sie im 16. Jahrhundert verwendet wurde. Jahrhundert gebräuchlich war. Andererseits hat Andrew die Farbtöne der unruhigen See wahrscheinlich stärker vertieft, als es sein Vater getan hätte - eine Wahl, die die Gefährlichkeit der Aufgabe angemessen unterstreicht.

Andrew Wyeth & N. C. Wyeth

Alexander Calder was a key figure in the development of abstract sculpture and is renowned for his groundbreaking work in kinetic art; he is one of the most influential artists of the Twentieth Century. "Prelude to Man-Eater" is a delicately balanced standing sculpture that responds to air currents, creating a constantly changing and dynamic visual experience.<br><br>Calder's Standing Mobiles were a result of his continuous experimentation with materials, form, and balance. This Standing Mobile is a historically significant prelude to a larger work commissioned in 1945 by Alfred Barr, the first director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. "Prelude to Maneater" is designed to be viewed from multiple angles, encouraging viewers to walk around and interact with it.<br><br>The present work is a formal study for Man-Eater With Pennant (1945), part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The work is also represented in "Sketches for Mobiles: Prelude to Man-Eater; Starfish; Octopus", which is in the permanent collection of the Harvard Fogg Museum.<br><br>Calder's mobiles and stabiles can be found in esteemed private collections and the collections of major museums worldwide, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Tate Gallery in London among others.

ALEXANDER KALANDER

N.C. Wyeth’s extraordinary skills as an illustrator were borne of impeccable draftsmanship and as a painter, his warmly rich, harmonious sense of color, and ability to capture the quality of light itself. But it is his unmatched artistry in vivifying story and character with a powerful sense of mood that we admire most of all — the ability to transport himself to the world and time of his creation and to convey it with a beguiling sense of conviction. That ability is as apparent in the compositional complexities of Treasure Island’s “One More Step, Mr. Hands!” as it is here, in the summary account of a square-rigged, seventeenth-century merchant ship tossed upon the seas. The Coming of the Mayflower in 1620 is a simple statement of observable facts, yet Wyeth’s impeccable genius as an illustrator imbues it with the bracing salt air and taste that captures the adventuresome spirit of the men and women who are largely credited with the founding of America. That spirit is carried on the wind and tautly billowed sails, the jaunty heeling of the ship at the nose of a stiff gale, the thrusting, streamed-limned clouds, and the gulls jauntily arranged to celebrate an arrival as they are the feathered angels of providence guiding it to safe harbor.<br><br>The Coming of the Mayflower in 1620 was based on two studies, a composition drawing in graphite and a small presentation painting. The finished mural appears to have been installed in 1941.

N.C. WYETH

Between Île-de-France and Burgundy and on the edge of the Fontainebleau Forest lies the medieval village of Moret-sur-Loing, established in the 12th century. When Alfred Sisley described its character to Monet in a letter dated 31 August 1881 as “a chocolate-box landscape…” he meant it as a memento of enticement; that its keep, the ramparts, the church, the fortified gates, and the ornate facades nestled along the river were, for a painter, a setting of unmatched charm. An ancient church, always the most striking townscape feature along the Seine Valley, would be a presence in Sisley’s townscape views as it was for Corot, and for Monet at Vétheuil. But unlike Monet whose thirty views of Rouen Cathedral were executed so he could trace the play of light and shadow across the cathedral façade and capture the ephemeral nature of moment-to-moment changes of light and atmosphere, Sisley set out to affirm the permanent nature of the church of Notre-Dame at Moret-sur-Loing.  Monet’s sole concern was air and light, and Sisley’s appears to be an homage keepsake. The painting exudes respect for the original architects and builders of a structure so impregnable and resolute, it stood then as it did in those medieval times, and which for us, stands today, as it will, for time immemorial.<br><br>Nevertheless, Sisley strived to show the changing appearance of the motif through a series of atmospheric changes. He gave the works titles such as “In Sunshine”, “Under Frost”, and “In Rain” and exhibited them as a group at the Salon du Champ-de-Mars in 1894, factors that suggest he thought of them as serial interpretations. Nevertheless, unlike Monet’s work, l’église de Moret, le Soir reveals that Sisley chose to display the motif within a spatial context that accentuates its compositional attributes — the plunging perspective of the narrow street at left, the strong diagonal recession of the building lines as a counterbalance to the right, and the imposing weight of the stony building above the line of sight.

ALFRED SISLEY

In 1955, Sir John Rothenstein, representing the Trustees of the Tate Museum, approached Winston Churchill about donating one of his paintings "as a gift to the nation."  Churchill was flattered, but felt he did not deserve such an honor as an artist.  Eventually, Churchill agreed and sent two candidate paintings to the Tate – On the Rance and Loup River.  No record exists regarding his own thoughts on the works he submitted, but one can safely say that Churchill thought highly of On the Rance, especially since it was not one of the paintings Rothenstein identified as a strong option. Loup River, which clearly matched Rothenstein's taste, was selected.  Not only was On the Rance not returned, but somehow it ended up, without any inventory record, in a basement storeroom at the Tate. In the storeroom it sat for almost a half century, when it was discovered by an intern.  The Churchill family was notified and eventually the painting was auctioned in June 2005, where it set a new auction record for Churchill's work, despite the lot notes hardly touching on the Tate’s possible acquisition. In a letter to the buyers, Churchill’s daughter, Lady Soames, summarized what had occurred in somewhat more detail.<br><br>St. Malo is a walled city in Brittany, France on the coast of the English Channel. The city was nearly destroyed by bombings during WWII.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

Trained as a woodcarver, Emil Nolde was almost 30 years old before he made his first paintings. The early paintings resembled his drawings and woodcuts: grotesque figures with bold lines and strong contrasts. The style was new, and it inspired the nascent movement Die Brücke (The Bridge), whose members invited Nolde to join them in 1906.  But, it was not until the garden became his locus operandi by 1915 that he built upon his mastery of contrasting luminosities to focus on color as the supreme means of expression.  Later, Nolde claimed “color is strength, strength is life,” and he could not have better characterized why his flower paintings reinvigorate our perception of color.<br><br>Much of the strength of Nolde’s dramatic, Wagnerian-like color sensibilities is the effect of staging primary colors, such as the deep reds and golden yellows of Sonnenblumen, Abend II, against a somber palette. The contrast highlights and deepens the luminosity of the flowers, not just visually, but emotionally as well. In 1937, when Nolde’s art was rejected, confiscated, and defiled, his paintings were paraded as “degenerate art” throughout Nazi Germany in dimly lit galleries. Despite that treatment, Nolde’s status as a degenerate artist gave his art more breathing space because he seized the opportunity to produce more than 1,300 watercolors, which he called “unpainted pictures.” No novice in handling watercolor, his free-flowing style of painting had been a hallmark of his highly-charge, transparent washes since 1918. Sonnenblumen, Abend II, painted in 1944, is a rare wartime oil. He let his imagination run wild with this work, and his utilization of wet-on-wet techniques heightened the drama of each petal.<br><br>Nolde’s intense preoccupation with color and flowers, particularly sunflowers, reflects his continuing devotion to van Gogh.  He was aware of van Gogh as early as 1899 and, during the 1920s and early 1930s, visited several exhibitions of the Dutch artist’s work.  They shared a profound love of nature. Nolde’s dedication to expression and the symbolic use of color found fullness in the sunflower subject, and it became a personal symbol for him, as it did for Van Gogh.

EMIL NOLDE

Alexander Calder executed a surprising number of oil paintings during the second half of the 1940s and early 1950s. By this time, the shock of his 1930 visit to Mondrian’s studio, where he was impressed not by the paintings but by the environment, had developed into an artistic language of Calder’s own. So, as Calder was painting The Cross in 1948, he was already on the cusp of international recognition and on his way to winning the XX VI Venice Biennale’s grand prize for sculpture in 1952. Working on his paintings in concert with his sculptural practice, Calder approached both mediums with the same formal language and mastery of shape and color.<br><br>Calder was deeply intrigued by the unseen forces that keep objects in motion. Taking this interest from sculpture to canvas, we see that Calder built a sense of torque within The Cross by shifting its planes and balance. Using these elements, he created implied motion suggesting that the figure is pressing forward or even descending from the skies above. The Cross’s determined momentum is further amplified by details such as the subject’s emphatically outstretched arms, the fist-like curlicue vector on the left, and the silhouetted serpentine figure.<br><br>Calder also adopts a strong thread of poetic abandon throughout The Cross’s surface. It resonates with his good friend Miró’s hieratic and distinctly personal visual language, but it is all Calder in the effective animation of this painting’s various elements. No artist has earned more poetic license than Calder, and throughout his career, the artist remained convivially flexible in his understanding of form and composition. He even welcomed the myriad interpretations of others, writing in 1951, “That others grasp what I have in mind seems unessential, at least as long as they have something else in theirs.”<br><br>Either way, it is important to remember that The Cross was painted shortly after the upheaval of the Second World War and to some appears to be a sobering reflection of the time. Most of all, The Cross proves that Alexander Calder loaded his brush first to work out ideas about form, structure, relationships in space, and most importantly, movement.

ALEXANDER KALANDER

Tom Wesselmann was a leader of the Pop Art movement. He is best remembered for large-scale works, including his Great American Nude series, in which Wesselmann combined sensual imagery with everyday objects depicted in bold and vibrant colors. As he developed in his practice, Wesselmann grew beyond the traditional canvas format and began creating shaped canvases and aluminum cut-outs that often functioned as sculptural drawings. Continuing his interest in playing with scale, Wesselmann began focusing more closely on the body parts that make up his nudes. He created his Mouth series and his Bedroom series in which particular elements, rather than the entire sitter, become the focus.<br> <br>Bedroom Breast (2004) combines these techniques, using vivid hues painted on cut-out aluminum. The work was a special commission for a private collector's residence, and the idea of a bedroom breast piece in oil on 3-D cut-out aluminum was one Wesselmann had been working with for many years prior to this work's creation. The current owner of the piece believed in Wesselmann's vision and loved the idea of bringing the subject to his home.<br><br>It's one of, if not the last, piece Wesselmann completed before he passed away. The present work is the only piece of its kind - there has never been an oil on aluminum in 3D at this scale or of this iconography.  

TOM WESSELMANN

In den frühen 1870er Jahren malte Winslow Homer häufig Szenen des Landlebens in der Nähe eines kleinen Bauerndorfes, das seit Generationen für seine bemerkenswerten Weizenbestände bekannt ist und zwischen dem Hudson River und den Catskills im Bundesstaat New York liegt. Heute ist Hurley weitaus bekannter als Inspiration für eines von Homers größten Werken, Snap the Whip, das im Sommer 1872 entstand. Unter den vielen anderen Gemälden, die von der Region inspiriert wurden, ist Girl Standing in the Wheatfield reich an Gefühlen, aber nicht übermäßig sentimental. Es steht in direktem Zusammenhang mit einer 1866 in Frankreich gemalten Studie mit dem Titel In the Wheatfields und einem weiteren Gemälde, das er im Jahr darauf nach seiner Rückkehr nach Amerika malte. Aber auf dieses Bild wäre Homer zweifellos am stolzesten gewesen. Es ist ein Porträt, eine Kostümstudie, ein Genrebild in der großen Tradition der europäischen Pastoralmalerei und eine dramatisch beleuchtete, stimmungsvolle Tour de Force, durchdrungen vom schnell schwindenden Licht der Abenddämmerung, aufgelockert durch zarte, blumige Noten und einen Hauch von Weizenähren. Im Jahr 1874 schickte Homer vier Gemälde zur Ausstellung der National Academy of Design. Eines trug den Titel "Mädchen". Könnte es sich nicht um dieses Gemälde handeln?

WINSLOW HOMER

Painted from an unusually high vantage, “Riviera Coast Scene” vividly conveys the formidable distance and breadth of the scene from the perch where he set his easel.  Interestingly, Paul Rafferty did not include this painting in his book Winston Churchill: Painting on the French Riviera, believing it could likely be a scene from the Italian Lake District, where Churchill also painted in the same time period.<br><br>Paintings by Churchill can function as a glimpse into his extensive travels and his colorful life. Churchill most likely painted “Riviera Coast Scene” during a holiday at Chateau de l’Horizon, home of Maxine Elliot, a friend of his mother. Elliot, originally from Rockland, Maine, was a successful actress and socialite.<br><br>Within this painting, we see the influence of the Impressionists who utilized unusual viewpoints, modeled after Japanese woodblock prints, but also evidence of their attempts to push the boundaries of the landscape genre

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL - Blick über den Hafen von Cassis (C 333) - Öl auf Leinwand - 25 x 30 Zoll.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

Widely recognized as one of the most consequential artists of our time, Gerhard Richters career now rivals that of Picasso's in terms of productivity and genius. The multi-faceted subject matter, ranging from slightly out-of-focus photographic oil paintings to Kelly-esque grid paintings to his "squeegee" works, Richter never settles for repeating the same thought- but is constantly evolving his vision. Richter has been honored by significant retrospective exhibitions, including the pivotal 2002 show,  "Gerhard Richter: Forty Years of Painting," at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.  <br><br>"Abstraktes Bild 758-2" (1992) comes from a purely abstract period in Richter's work- where the message is conveyed using a truly physical painting style, where applied paint layers are distorted with a wooden "Squeegee" tool. Essentially, Richter is sculpting the layers of paint, revealing the underlayers and their unique color combinations; there is a degree of "art by chance". If the painting does not work, Richter will move on- a method pioneered by Jackson Pollock decades earlier.  <br><br>Richter is included in prominent museums and collections worldwide, including the Tate, London, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, among many others.

GERHARD RICHTER

The frame of reference for Irish American Sean Scully’s signature blocks and stripes is vast. From Malevich’s central premise that geometry can provide the means for universal understanding to Rothko’s impassioned approach to color and rendering of the dramatic sublime, Scully learned how to condense the splendor of the natural world into simple modes of color, light, and composition. Born in Dublin in 1945 and London-raised, Scully was well-schooled in figurative drawing when he decided to catch the spirit of his lodestar, Henri Matisse, by visiting Morocco in 1969. He was captivated by the dazzling tessellated mosaics and richly dyed fabrics and began to paint grids and stipes of color. Subsequent adventures provided further inspiration as the play of intense light on the reflective surfaces of Mayan ruins and the ancient slabs of stone at Stonehenge brought the sensation of light, space, and geometric movement to Scully’s paintings. The ability to trace the impact of Scully’s travels throughout his paintings reaffirms the value of abstract art as a touchstone for real-life experience.<br><br><br>Painted in rich, deep hues and layered, nuanced surfaces, Grey Red is both poetic and full of muscular formalism. Scully appropriately refers to these elemental forms as ‘bricks,’ suggesting the formal calculations of an architect. As he explained, “these relationships that I see in the street doorways, in windows between buildings, and in the traces of structures that were once full of life, I take for my work. I use these colors and forms and put them together in a way that perhaps reminds you of something, though you’re not sure of that” (David Carrier, Sean Scully, 2004, pg. 98). His approach is organic, less formulaic; intuitive painter’s choices are layering one color upon another so that contrasting hues and colors vibrate with subliminal energy. Diebenkorn comes to mind in his pursuit of radiant light. But here, the radiant bands of terracotta red, gray, taupe, and black of Grey Red resonate with deep, smoldering energy and evoke far more affecting passion than you would think it could impart. As his good friend, Bono wrote, “Sean approaches the canvas like a kickboxer, a plasterer, a builder. The quality of painting screams of a life being lived.”

SEAN SCULLY

Die Welt von Marc Chagall lässt sich nicht eindämmen oder begrenzen durch die Etiketten, die wir ihr anheften. Es ist eine Welt der Bilder und Bedeutungen, die ihren eigenen, herrlich mystischen Diskurs bilden. Les Mariés sous le baldaquin (Die Braut und der Bräutigam unter dem Baldachin) entstand zu Beginn des 90. Lebensjahres des Künstlers, eines Mannes, der Tragödien und Kämpfe erlebt hatte, der aber nie die Momente der Freude im Leben vergaß. Hier werden uns die träumerischen Freuden einer russischen Dorfhochzeit mit ihren Arrangements aus altgedienten Teilnehmern mit so viel fröhlichem Witz und heiterer Unschuld vor Augen geführt, dass man sich ihrem Charme nicht entziehen kann. Durch die Verwendung einer goldfarbenen Emulsion, die eine Kombination aus Öl und opaker Gouache auf Wasserbasis darstellt, wird die Wärme, das Glück und der Optimismus von Chagalls üblichem Positivismus in einen leuchtenden Glanz gehüllt, der an den Einfluss von religiösen Ikonen mit Blattgold oder an die Malerei der Frührenaissance erinnert, die den Eindruck von göttlichem Licht oder spiritueller Erleuchtung vermitteln wollte. Die Kombination von Öl und Gouache kann eine Herausforderung sein. Aber hier, in Les Mariés sous le baldaquin, setzt Chagall sie ein, um der Szene eine jenseitige Qualität zu verleihen, fast so, als ob sie sich vor seinem geistigen Auge materialisiert hätte. Die zarte Textur erweckt den Eindruck, dass das Licht vom Werk selbst ausgeht, und verleiht den im Himmel schwebenden Figuren eine gespenstische Qualität.

MARC CHAGALL

1945, als der Krieg zu Ende war und Churchill eine überraschende Niederlage bei den Parlamentswahlen erlitten hatte, folgte er einer Einladung von Feldmarschall Sir Harold Alexander in dessen italienische Villa am Ufer des Comer Sees. Churchill genoss die großzügige Gastfreundschaft seines Gastgebers und konzentrierte seine Aufmerksamkeit und Energie darauf, die Region auf Leinwand zu bannen. Es entstanden fünfzehn Gemälde, die zeigen, wie sehr die Malerei seine Aufmerksamkeit in Anspruch nahm und ein Elixier darstellte, das ihm half, sich zu erholen. Dieses ikonische Gemälde wurde in einem Artikel in LIFE vom Januar 1946 abgebildet und wurde als farbige Illustration in mehreren Ausgaben von Churchills Buch Paintings as a Pastime ausgewählt.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

Located on the French Riviera between Nice and Monte Carlo, the Bay of Eze is renowned for its stunning location and spectacular views. As you can see on pages 80-81 of Rafferty's book, this painting skillfully captures the dizzying heights, set just west of Lou Sueil, the home of Jacques and Consuelo Balsan, close friends of Winston and Clementine.<br> <br>The painting manipulates perspective and depth, a nod to the dramatic shifts of artists including Monet and Cézanne, who challenged traditional vantage points of landscapes. The portrait (i.e. vertical) orientation of the canvas combined with the trees, and the rhyming coastline channels the viewer’s gaze. The perceived tilting of the water's plane imbues the painting with dynamic tension.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

Shortly after arriving in Paris by April 1912, Marsden Hartley received an invitation. It had come from Gertrude Stein and what he saw at her 27 rue de Fleurus flat stunned him. Despite his presumptions and preparedness, “I had to get used to so much of everything all at once…a room full of staggering pictures, a room full of strangers and two remarkable looking women, Alice and Gertrude Stein…I went often I think after that on Saturday evenings — always thinking, in my reserved New England tone, ‘ how do people do things like that — let everyone in off the street to look at their pictures?… So one got to see a vast array of astounding pictures — all burning with life and new ideas — and as strange as the ideas seemed to be — all of them terrifically stimulating — a new kind of words for an old theme.” (Susan Elizabeth Ryan, The Autobiography of Marsden Hartley, pg. 77)<br><br>The repeated visits had a profound effect. Later that year, Hartley was clearly disappointed when Arthur B. Davies and Walt Kuhn chose two of his still-life paintings for the upcoming New York Armory show in February 1913. “He (Kuhn) speaks highly of them (but) I would not have chosen them myself chiefly because I am so interested at this time in the directly abstract things of the present. But Davies says that no American has done this kind of thing and they would (not) serve me and the exhibition best at this time.” (Correspondence, Marsden Hartley to Alfred Stieglitz, early November 1912) A month later, he announced his departure from formal representationalism in “favor of intuitive abstraction…a variety of expression I find to be closest to my temperament and ideals. It is not like anything here. It is not like Picasso, it is not like Kandinsky, not like any cubism. For want of a better name, subliminal or cosmic cubism.” (Correspondence, Marsden Hartley to Alfred Stieglitz, December 1912)<br><br>At the time, Hartley consumed Wassily Kandinsky’s recently published treatise Uber das Geistige in der Kunst (The Art of Spiritual Harmony) and Stieglitz followed the artist’s thoughts with great interest. For certain, they both embraced musical analogy as an opportunity for establishing a new visual language of abstraction. Their shared interest in the synergetic effects of music and art can be traced to at least 1909 when Hartley exhibited landscape paintings of Maine under titles such as “Songs of Autumn” and “Songs of Winter” at the 291 Gallery. The gravity of Hartley’s response to the treatise likely sparked Stieglitz’s determination to purchase Kandinsky’s seminal painting Improvisation no. 27 (Garden of Love II) at the Armory Show. As for Hartley, he announced to his niece his conviction that an aural/vision synesthetic pairing of art and music was a way forward for modern art. “Did you ever hear of anyone trying to paint music — or the equivalent of sound in color?…there is only one artist in Europe working on it (Wassily Kandinsky) and he is a pure theorist and his work is quite without feeling — whereas I work wholly from intuition and the subliminal.” (D. Cassidy, Painting the Musical City: Jazz and Cultural Identity in American Art, Washington, D.C., pg. 6)<br><br>In Paris, during 1912 and 1913 Hartley was inspired to create a series of six musically themed oil paintings, the first of which, Bach Preludes et Fugues, no. 1 (Musical Theme), incorporates strong Cubist elements as well as Kandinsky’s essential spirituality and synesthesia. Here, incorporating both elements seems particularly appropriate. Whereas Kandinsky’s concepts were inspired by Arnold Schoenberg’s twelve-tone method of composition whereby no note could be reused until the other eleven had been played, Hartley chose Bach’s highly structured, rigorously controlled twenty-four Preludes and Fugues from his Well-Tempered Clavier, each of which establishes an absolute tonality. The towering grid of Bach Preludes et Fugues, no. 1 suggests the formal structure of an organ, its pipes ever-rising under a high, vaulted church ceiling to which Hartley extends an invitation to stand within the lower portion of the picture plane amongst the triangular and circular ‘sound tesserae’ and absorb its essential sonority and deeply reverberating sound. All of it is cast with gradients of color that conjures an impression of Cézanne’s conceptual approach rather than Picasso’s, Analytic Cubism. Yet Bach Preludes et Fugues, no. 1, in its entirety suggests the formal structural of Picasso’s Maisons à Horta (Houses on the Hill, Horta de Ebro), one of the many Picasso paintings Gertrude Stein owned and presumably staged in her residence on the many occasions he came to visit.

MARSDEN HARTLEY

Tom Wesselmann will undoubtedly be remembered for associating his erotic themes with the colors of the American flag. But Wesselmann had considerable gifts as a draftsman, and the line was his principal preoccupation, first as a cartoonist and later as an ardent admirer of Matisse. That he also pioneered a method of turning drawings into laser-cut steel wall reliefs proved a revelation. He began to focus ever more on drawing for the sake of drawing, enchanted that the new medium could be lifted and held: “It really is like being able to pick up a delicate line drawing from the paper.”<br><br>The Steel Drawings caused both excitement and confusion in the art world. After acquiring one of the ground-breaking works in 1985, the Whitney Museum of American Art wrote Wesselmann wondering if it should be cataloged as a drawing or a sculpture. The work had caused such a stir that when Eric Fischl visited Wesselmann at his studio and saw steel-cut works for the first time, he remembered feeling jealous. He wanted to try it but dared not. It was clear: ‘Tom owned the technique completely.’<br><br>Wesselmann owed much of that technique to his year-long collaboration with metalwork fabricator Alfred Lippincott. Together, in 1984 they honed a method for cutting the steel with a laser that provided the precision he needed to show the spontaneity of his sketches. Wesselmann called it ‘the best year of my life’, elated at the results that he never fully achieved with aluminum that required each shape be hand-cut.  “I anticipated how exciting it would be for me to get a drawing back in steel. I could hold it in my hands. I could pick it up by the lines…it was so exciting…a kind of near ecstasy, anyway, but there’s really been something about the new work that grabbed me.”<br><br>Bedroom Brunette with Irises is a Steel Drawing masterwork that despite its uber-generous scale, utilizes tight cropping to provide an unimposing intimacy while maintaining a free and spontaneous quality. The figure’s outstretched arms and limbs and body intertwine with the petals and the interior elements providing a flowing investigative foray of black lines and white ‘drop out’ shapes provided by the wall. It recalls Matisse and any number of his reclining odalisque paintings. Wesselmann often tested monochromatic values to discover the extent to which color would transform his hybrid objects into newly developed Steel Drawing works and, in this case, continued with a color steel-cut version of the composition Bedroom Blonde with Irises (1987) and later still, in 1993 with a large-scale drawing in charcoal and pastel on paper.

TOM WESSELMANN

Painted while staying at Dunrobin Castle, the estate of the Duke of Sutherland, Churchill chose to set his easel behind a tree where he likely thought of it as a framing device, adding a layer of depth, creating a stronger sense of foreground, middle ground, and background, enhancing the three-dimensionality of the picture. Churchill painted at both Dunrobin as well as the Duke’s Sutton Place estate, later the home of John Paul Getty.<br><br>As Mary Soames describes it in her book, Winston Churchill, His Life as a Painter, “1921 had been a year of heavy personal tidings” for Churchill and his family, as he lost both his mother, Jennie Cornwallis-West, and his beloved child, Marigold, aged nearly four.  In a letter to his wife Clementine, Churchill wrote, “… Many tender thoughts, my darling one of you and yr sweet kittens.  Alas I keep on feeling the hurt of the Duckadilly [Marigold’s pet name].”  That Churchill chose to stay with the Duke and Duchess at Dunrobin just after Marigold’s death speaks to their close friendship and his fondness for the area, including Loch Choire. It is no surprise that Churchill gifted the painting to the Duke of Sutherland

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

Théo van Rysselberghes Portrait de Sylvie Lacombe aus dem Jahr 1906 ist ein klassisches Meisterwerk eines der raffiniertesten und konsequentesten Porträtmaler seiner Zeit. Die Farben sind harmonisch, der Pinselstrich kraftvoll und auf seine Aufgabe zugeschnitten, Körper und Antlitz wahrhaftig und freizügig. Bei der Dargestellten handelt es sich um die Tochter seines guten Freundes, des Malers Georges Lacombe, der eng mit Gauguin befreundet war und mit den Künstlern Bonnard, Denis, Vuillard u. a. zu den Nabis gehörte. Wir wissen jetzt über Sylvie Lacombe Bescheid, weil Van Rysselberghe so geschickt darin ist, subtile Gesichtsausdrücke wiederzugeben und durch sorgfältige Beobachtung und Liebe zum Detail Einblicke in ihre innere Welt zu geben. Er wählte einen direkten Blick, ihre Augen auf die des Betrachters, eine unausweichliche Verbindung zwischen Subjekt und Betrachter, unabhängig von unserer physischen Beziehung zum Bild. Van Rysselberghe hatte die pointillistische Technik weitgehend aufgegeben, als er dieses Porträt malte. Er wandte jedoch weiterhin die Richtlinien der Farbtheorie an, indem er Rottöne - Rosatöne und Mauvetöne - gegen Grüntöne einsetzte, um eine harmonisch abgestimmte Palette von Komplementärfarben zu schaffen, denen er einen starken Akzent hinzufügte, um den Blick auf sich zu ziehen - eine intensiv gesättigte, rote Schleife, die asymmetrisch an der Seite ihres Kopfes angebracht ist.

THÉO VAN RYSSELBERGHE

Still lifes like Oranges and Lemons (C 455) give us an insight to the rich and colorful life of Churchill, just as his landscapes and seascapes do. Churchill painted Oranges and Lemons at La Pausa. Churchill would often frequent La Pausa as the guest of his literary agent, Emery Reves and his wife, Wendy.  Reves purchased the home from Coco Chanel.  While other members of the Churchill family did not share his enthusiasm, Churchill and his daughter Sarah loved the place, which Churchill affectionately called “LaPausaland”.<br><br>To avoid painting outside on a chilly January morning, Wendy Reves arranged the fruit for Churchill to paint. Surrounded by the Reves’s superb collection of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist works, including a number of paintings by Paul Cézanne, Oranges and Lemons illuminates Churchill’s relationships and the influence of Cézanne, who he admired. The painting, like Churchill, has lived a colorful life, exhibited at both the 1959 Royal Academy of Art exhibition of his paintings and the 1965 New York World’s Fair.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

Es ist nicht schwer zu begreifen, wie Robert Indiana mit seiner brillanten zweireihigen Anordnung von vier Buchstaben in den 1960er Jahren eine Bewegung beflügeln konnte. Es entstand aus einer tief empfundenen Auseinandersetzung mit der Religion und mit seinem Freund und Mentor Ellsworth Kelly, dessen kantiger Stil und sinnliche, unakzentuierte Farben einen bleibenden Eindruck hinterließen. Aber wie Indiana sagte, war es ein Moment des Kismet, der einfach passierte, als "LOVE mich biss" und das Design scharf und konzentriert zu ihm kam. Indiana testete den Entwurf natürlich auf Herz und Nieren, und dann begann das Logo überall zu sprießen. Die Botschaft, die am besten in Form einer Skulptur vermittelt wird, steht in Städten auf der ganzen Welt und wurde in mehrere Sprachen übersetzt, nicht zuletzt in die italienische Version "Amor" mit dem zufälligen, ebenfalls nach rechts geneigten "O". Doch anstatt vom Fuß des "L" getreten zu werden, verleiht diese Version dem "A" darüber einen schön inszenierten Wipp-Effekt. So entsteht ein neuer, aber nicht weniger tiefgründiger Eindruck von der Liebe und ihrer emotionalen Ausstrahlung.  In jedem Fall verleiht das gekippte "O" von Love einem ansonsten stabilen Entwurf Instabilität, eine tiefgreifende Projektion von Indianas impliziter Kritik an "der oft hohlen Sentimentalität, die mit dem Wort verbunden ist und metaphorisch eher unerwiderte Sehnsucht und Enttäuschung als zuckersüße Zuneigung suggeriert" (Robert Indiana's Best: A Mini Retrospective, New York Times, 24. Mai 2018). Wiederholungen haben natürlich die unangenehme Angewohnheit, unsere Wertschätzung für die Genialität der Einfachheit und des bahnbrechenden Designs zu dämpfen. In seinem späten Leben beklagte Indiana, dass "es eine wunderbare Idee, aber auch ein schrecklicher Fehler war. Sie wurde zu populär. Und es gibt Leute, die keine Popularität mögen. Aber wir, die Bewohner einer Welt, die von Zwietracht und Aufruhr geprägt ist, danken Ihnen. "Love" und seine vielen Versionen erinnern uns daran, dass wir zur Liebe fähig sind, und das ist unsere beste, immerwährende Hoffnung auf eine bessere Zukunft.

ROBERT INDIANA

The Pop Art Movement is notable for its rewriting of Art History and the idea of what could be considered a work of art. Larry Rivers association with Pop-Art and the New York School set him aside as one of the great American painters of the Post-War period.  <br><br>In addition to being a visual artist, Larry Rivers was a jazz saxophonist who studied at the Juilliard School of Music from 1945-1946. This painting's subject echoes the artists' interest in Jazz and the musical scene in New York City, particularly Greenwich Village and the Lower East Side.  <br><br>“Untitled” (1958) is notable bas the same owner has held it since the work was acquired directly from the artist several decades ago. This work is from the apex of the artists' career in New York and could comfortably hang in a museum's permanent collection.

STEUERFLÜSSE

Uniquely among Winston Churchill’s known work, “Coastal Town on the Riviera” is in fact a double painting with the landscape on one side and an oil sketch on the other. The portrait sketch bears some resemblance to Viscountess Castlerosse who was a frequent guest in the same Rivera estates where Churchill visited. Churchill painted her in C 517 and C 518 and gives us a larger picture of the people who inhabited his world. <br><br>Of his approximately 550 works, the largest portion (about 150) were of the South of France, where Churchill could indulge in both the array of colors to apply to his canvas and in gambling, given the proximity of Monte Carlo.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL - Die Bibliothek des Hauses von Sir Philip Sassoon in Lympne (19. Jahrhundert) - Öl auf Leinwand - 24 x 20 x 3/4 Zoll.

SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

JAN JOSEPHSZOON VAN GOYEN - Flusslandschaft mit einer Windmühle und einer Kapelle - Öl auf Platte - 22 1/2 x 31 3/4 Zoll.

JAN JOSEPHSZOON VAN GOYEN

SALOMON VAN RUYSDAEL - Eine Dünenlandschaft mit rastenden Figuren und einem Paar zu Pferd, dahinter ein Blick auf die Kathedrale von Nimwegen - Öl auf Leinwand - 26 1/2 x 41 1/2 Zoll.

SALOMON VAN RUYSDAEL

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